Search Result of "acute irradiation"

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา วิทยาศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Radiation Sources for Semi-Acute Irradiation of Growing Plants)

ผู้เขียน:ImgArth Nakornthap

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

More than 40 years ago Muller (3) and Stadler (5) have demonstrated that X-rays can induce genetic changes and produce mutations in Drosophila and in corn respectively. Since then there was considerable interest in the production of mutations by irradiation. Gustafsson (1,2) and his co-workers in Sweden started work along these lines as early as 1928 using X-rays have succeeded in producing higher yielding crop plants and other valuable characteristics in economic plants through X-ray induced mutations.

Article Info
Agriculture and Natural Resources -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Natural Science), Volume 006, Issue 1, Jan 66 - Jun 66, Page 16 - 22 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา วิทยาศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Effects of Acute and Chronic Gamma Irradiations on In vitro Culture of Anubias congensis N.E. Brown)

ผู้เขียน:Imgปกรณ์ ตั้งปอง, ImgThanya Taychasinpitak, Imgดร.ชูศักดิ์ จอมพุก, รองศาสตราจารย์, Imgดร.พีรนุช จอมพุก, รองศาสตราจารย์

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

Plantlets of Anubias congensis N.E. Brown cultured on MS medium were irradiated with gamma rays for both acute and chronic treatments of 0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 Gy at a dose rate of 264 Gy/hr (acute) and 0, 14.34, 28.60, 31.24, 42.90, 51.16, 65.55, 82.42, 91.69, 105.99 and 120.30 Gy at a dose rate of 0.71 Gy/hr (chronic). The calculated LD50(60) for the acute irradiation was 32.12 Gy. It was not possible to calculate the LD50(60) for the chronic irradiation because the survival rate was 100% for all treatments. Following acute gamma irradiation, the number of roots, number of shoots, number of leaves, length and width of leaves and length of roots in the M1V1 generation of A. congensis N.E. Brown plantlets were less than the control. With chronic gamma irradiation, there was no difference in most parameters with the exception of the 105.99 and 120.30 Gy treatments, in which the number of roots was greater than the control. Some abnormalities observed in the M1V1 generation exposed to acute irradiation that were genetically transferred to the M1V3 generation included narrow leaves, undulate leaf margins, and dwarfism with light green leaves. The mutation frequencies for these characters were 11.67, 26.67 and 6.67% for a dose of 20, 40 and 60 Gy, respectively. For the samples exposed to chronic irradiation, mutations observed in the M1V3 generation were dwarfism and albinism. The mutation frequencies were 1.67, 1.67, 3.33, 5.00, 11.67 and 10.00% at a treatment dose of 14.34, 28.60, 31.24, 91.69, 105.99 and 120.30 Gy, respectively. No mutation could be detected in the M1V3 generation irradiation with chronic gamma rays at 42.90, 51.16, 65.55 and 82.42 Gy. The potential mutants of A. congensis N.E. Brown in this research were the undulate leaf margins and dwarfism with light green leaves. All the mutation characters were maintained through tissue culture.

Article Info
Agriculture and Natural Resources -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Natural Science), Volume 043, Issue 3, Jul 09 - Sep 09, Page 449 - 457 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:Agricultural Science Journal (วารสารวิทยาศาสตร์เกษตร)

หัวเรื่อง:ผลของรังสีแกมมาแบบเฉียบพลันต่อการกลายพันธุ์ของกิ่งปักชำแพรเซี่ยงไฮ้

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ผลงานตีพิมพ์ในวารสารวิชาการ

Radiosensitivity of Vetiver to Acute and Chronic Gamma Irradiation

ผู้แต่ง:ImgDr.Nualchavee Roongtanakiat, Professor, ImgDr.Peeranuch Jompuk, Associate Professor, ImgTitirat Rattanawongwiboon, ImgRatchanewan Puingam,

วารสาร:

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา วิทยาศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Effects of Acute and Chronic Gamma Irradiation on Tissue Culture of Cryptocoryne wendtii “brown”)

ผู้เขียน:Imgดร.พีรนุช จอมพุก, รองศาสตราจารย์, Imgดร.ชูศักดิ์ จอมพุก, รองศาสตราจารย์, ImgApira Bunjongpetch, Imgปกรณ์ ตั้งปอง

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

The value of aquatic plant exports from Thailand is rising and there is a demand for interesting new varieties of aquatic plants. The objective of this research was to find the appropriate dose of gamma irradiation to induce mutations in Cryptocoryne wendtii “brown.” C. wendtii “brown” was cultured aseptically on MS medium supplemented with BA (2mg/l) and NAA (0.25 mg/l). Samples of the tissue- cultured plantlets were exposed to acute gamma radiation using a Mark I Gamma Irradiator with a Cesium-137 source at doses of 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 Gy. Other samples were exposed to chronic gamma radiation in a gamma room using a Cobalt-60 source at the Gamma Irradiation Service and Nuclear Technology Research Center of the Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University. The samples were placed at 1.5 and 2.5 m from the source with a dose rate of 1.614 and 0.537 Gy/hr, respectively. The samples at 1.5 m received a total dose of 238.87 and 477.74 Gy (0 for the control) and those at 2.5 m received a total dose of 10.75, 21.50, 32.24 and 42.99 Gy (0 for the control). The number of dead and surviving plantlets and the number of new shoots were recorded at 45 days after irradiation and compared with the controls to calculate the LD50(45) and GR50(45). Under acute irradiation, the LD50(45) and GR50(45) for C. wendtii “brown” were found to be 23 and 20 Gy, respectively. Some variations were observed, such as clumping, dwarfism, darker brown leaves, furled leaves and narrow leaves. Under chronic irradiation it was not possible to calculate the LD50(45) or GR50(45) because at 1.5 m from the source all the samples died and at 2.5 m from the source more than 50% of the samples survived. Some variations were observed, such as shorter plants, green leaves, increased branching, shorter petioles and longer, narrower leaves of a greenish-brown color.

Article Info
Agriculture and Natural Resources -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Natural Science), Volume 043, Issue 2, Apr 09 - Jun 09, Page 254 - 260 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา วิทยาศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Radiosensitivity of Vetiver to Acute and Chronic Gamma Irradiation)

ผู้เขียน:Imgดร.นวลฉวี รุ่งธนเกียรติ, ศาสตราจารย์, ImgPeranut Jompuk, ImgTitirat Rattanawongwiboon, ImgRatchanewan Puingam

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

Nuclear technology has been widely applied in agriculture for crop improvement. In this study, the radiosensitivities of native Thai vetiver, Chrysopogon zizaninoides, the Kamphaeng Phet 2 and the Surat Thani ecotypes, and Chrysopogon nemoralis, the Ratchaburi ecotype, were investigated with acute and chronic gamma irradiation. Vetiver tillers of the Kamphaeng Phet 2 and the Surat Thani ecotypes were exposed to acute irradiation with gamma radiation from Cs-137 at doses of 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80 and 100 Gy. For chronic irradiation with a Co-60 source, the Kamphaeng Phet 2 tillers were exposed to 0, 65, 104, 116, 157, 182 and 205 Gy whereas the Ratchaburi tillers were exposed to 0, 63, 87, 127, 150, 173 and 213 Gy. The survival rate and growth performance measured by plant height, shoot and root dry weight of vetiver at 90 d after irradiation were recorded for median lethal dose (LD50/90) and 50% growth reduction dose (GR50/90) determination. Gamma radiosensitivity differences were observed between the irradiation methods and between the vetiver ecotypes. Acute irradiation caused higher radiosensitivity of vetiver than chronic irradiation. The LD50/90 values of the Kamphaeng Phet 2 ecotype to acute and chronic irradiation were 82 and 100 Gy, respectively. In general, the survival rate and growth of vetiver decreased with an increase in the gamma radiation doses. However, chronic irradiation of the Kamphaeng Phet 2 ecotype at 65 Gy gave higher shoot and root dry weights than the control treatment (0 Gy). The GR50/90 values of the Kamphaeng Phet 2 and the Surat Thani ecotypes to acute irradiation were 48 and 75 Gy for plant height and were 30 and 43 Gy for total dry weight, respectively. For chronic irradiation, the GR50/90 values of the Kamphaeng Phet 2 and the Ratchaburi ecotypes were 118 and 109 Gy for plant height and 121 and 67 Gy for total dry weight, respectively. This information will be useful for radiation-induced mutations in vetiver research.

Article Info
Agriculture and Natural Resources -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Natural Science), Volume 046, Issue 3, May 12 - Jun 12, Page 383 - 393 |  PDF |  Page 

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Researcher

นาง อรุณี วงศ์ปิยะสถิตย์, ศาสตราจารย์

ที่ทำงาน:ภาควิชารังสีประยุกต์และไอโซโทป คณะวิทยาศาสตร์ บางเขน

สาขาที่สนใจ:การปรับปรุงพันธุ์พืชโดยเทคนิคการกลายพันธุ์

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ที่มา:Agricultural Science Journal (วารสารวิทยาศาสตร์เกษตร)

หัวเรื่อง:ผลของการฉายรังสีแกมมาแบบเฉียบพลันและแบบโครนิกต่อต้นอ่อนที่ได้จากการเพาะเลี้ยงเนื้อเยื่อดาหลา

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา วิทยาศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Effects of Acute Gamma Irradiation on Adventitious Plantlet Regeneration and Mutation from Leaf Cuttings of African Violet (Saintpaulia ionantha))

ผู้เขียน:Imgนางอรุณี วงศ์ปิยะสถิตย์, ศาสตราจารย์, ImgTanita Thinnok, ImgThanya Taychasinpitak, Imgดร.พีรนุช จอมพุก, รองศาสตราจารย์, Imgดร.คทารัตน์ ชูศรีเอี่ยม, ผู้ช่วยศาสตราจารย์, Imgนางสิรนุช ลามศรีจันทร์, ศาสตราจารย์

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

Leaf cuttings of Saintpaulia ionantha (African violet) cv. Optima Hawaii, purple flower were acutely irradiated by gamma-rays with the doses of 0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 gray (Gy) to induce mutation. Irradiated leaves (M1V0) were planted in plastic trays containing peat moss medium and were placed in a shaded greenhouse. A number of adventitious plantlets per irradiated leaf (M1V1/M1V0) were recorded. M1V1 plantlets were transplanted and were grown to flowering according to the standard African violet culture. The characters investigated in M1V1 plants were the number of leaves per plant, plant canopy width, the number of inflorescences per plant, the number of flowers per inflorescence, flower size and mutated characters. The results showed LD50(60) to be 56 Gy. The number of plantlets per leaf decreased as radiation doses increased. No survived leaves were observed at doses higher than 80 Gy. In M1V1 generation, averaged width of plant canopy and the number of flowers per inflorescence were not significantly different whereas the number of inflorescences per M1V1 plant and flower size were significantly different. Mutation characters observed were – changes in leaf colour, leaf margin, leaf thickness, flower colour, flower size, flower form and plant type. Mutation rate of M1V1 plants increased as radiation doses increased. Seven mutants with desirable characters were selected.

Article Info
Agriculture and Natural Resources -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Natural Science), Volume 041, Issue 4, Oct 07 - Dec 07, Page 633 - 640 |  PDF |  Page 

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Researcher

ดร. ชูศักดิ์ จอมพุก, รองศาสตราจารย์

ที่ทำงาน:ภาควิชาพืชไร่นา คณะเกษตร กำแพงแสน

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ที่มา:การประชุมวิชาการบัณฑิตศึกษาระดับชาติ/นานาชาติ ครั้งที่ 2

หัวเรื่อง:ผลของการฉายรังสีแกมมาแบบเฉียบพลันและเรือรังต่อเนือเยือเพาะเลีย งแฝกสองแหล่งพันธ์ุ

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Researcher

นาง จิตราพรรณ พิลึก, รองศาสตราจารย์

ที่ทำงาน:ภาควิชาพืชสวน คณะเกษตร บางเขน

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ดร. พีรนุช จอมพุก, รองศาสตราจารย์

ที่ทำงาน:ภาควิชารังสีประยุกต์และไอโซโทป คณะวิทยาศาสตร์ บางเขน

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