Search Result of "Zita Letviany Sarungallo"

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา วิทยาศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Characterization of Chemical Properties, Lipid Profile, Total Phenol and Tocopherol Content of Oils Extracted from Nine Clones of Red Fruit (Pandanus conoideus))

ผู้เขียน:ImgZita Letviany Sarungallo, ImgPurwiyatno Hariyadi, ImgNuri Andarwulan, ImgEko Hari Purnomo



Red fruit (Pandanus conoideus) is an endemic plant of Papua, Indonesia, traditionally known as a source of edible oil. The chemical properties of oil free fatty acid (FFA)—iodine value, peroxide value, phosphorus—the lipid profile—fatty acid (FA) and triacylglycerol (TAG) compositions—and the total phenol and tocopherol contents were determined for oil extracted from nine clones of red fruit cultivated in three area of Papua. Red fruit oil (RFO) was extracted using a chloroform-methanol solution (2:1). RFOs from nine clones had FFA of 4.3 to 9.2%, peroxide value of 0.36 to 0.84 meq per kg, iodine value of 79.3 to 85.5 g per 100 g and phosphorus content of 38 to 374 ppm. The main FAs of the RFOs were oleic (49.36–64.47 g per 100 g), linoleic (4.13–16.06 g per 100 g) and palmitic (14.11–19.21 g per 100 g), while the major TAG species were OOO/triolein (26.84–39.81%), POO/palmito-diolein (24.23–31.08%), OLO/linoleo-diolein (7.23–17.43%) and PLO/palmito-linoleo-olein (3.72–14.3%). The RFOs contained total phenol (90–742 ppm), total tocopherol (234–1,728 ppm), ?-tocopherol (52–272 ppm) and ?-tocopherol (16–287 ppm). The results of principal component analysis confirmed that the nine clones of red fruit can be divided into three groups based on their FAs and TAGs.

Article Info
Agriculture and Natural Resources -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Natural Science), Volume 049, Issue 2, Mar 15 - Apr 15, Page 237 - 250 |  PDF |  Page