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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา วิทยาศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Xylitol Obtained by Fermentation of Hydrolysate from Steam Explosion of Vetiveria zizanioides Nash)

ผู้เขียน:Imgดร.สาวิตรี จันทรานุรักษ์, รองศาสตราจารย์, Imgดร.พิลาณี ไวถนอมสัตย์, ImgSuwichaya Rodkamnerd



Xylitol is one of the most expensive polyol sweeteners with specifi c health claims. Xylitol can be obtained from the hemicelullosic fraction of lignocellulosic materials containing xylose, such as vetiver grass (Vetiveria zizanioides Nash). Steam explosion is an effi cient process for the fractionation of the main components of lignocellulosic residues. Vetiver grass was steam exploded at 17 (208 ?C) for 5 min and hydrolyzed with 1% weight per volume (w/v) sulfuric acid at 120 ?C for 45 min. Hydrolysate with 6.528 g.L-1 xylose was obtained. The inhibitory by-products in the hydrolysates affecting the bioconversion of the xylose into xylitol were acetic acid, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, furfural and phenolic compounds. These inhibitory by-products were reduced by the addition of 10% (w/v) activated carbon under agitation (250 rpm) for 4 hr. After the detoxifi cation treatment, acetic acid, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, furfural and phenolic compounds were reduced by 47.5, 92.5, 98.7 and 14.3%, respectively. Then, the detoxifi ed hydrolysate was used as the fermentation medium for xylitol production by C. guilliermondii FTI 20037; the xylitol yield per amount of xylose and productivity was 0.359 g.g-1 and 0.110, respectively. When comparisons were made with pure xylose as a substrate, the xylitol yield and productivity was 0.662 g.g-1 and 0.379, respectively.

Article Info
Agriculture and Natural Resources -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Natural Science), Volume 047, Issue 1, Jan 13 - Feb 13, Page 115 - 121 |  PDF |  Page