Search Result of "Suchint Simaraks"

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Do We Really Understand Problems of Rubber Farmers with Small Areas in the Recent Extension Area in Upper Northeast Thailand?)

ผู้เขียน:ImgYos Borisutdhi, ImgNipapan Wansri, ImgSommai Kaewmanee, ImgKanlaya Mikhama, ImgSuchint Simaraks

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

Northeast Thailand is an important area of Para rubber production in upstream catchments. The initial study on the general situation of rubber production by farmers with small holdings in the new plantation target area, found that their production practices were not in accordance with those recommended by extension workers and academic reports such as the processing of latex into a rubber cup lump instead of a rubber sheet, tapping rubber latex before the rubber trees have reached an appropriate size or before age seven years, tapping the latex during leaf-fall, too close spacing between trees, and planting rubber trees in shallow topsoil or on inappropriate land. However, are these problems really farmers’ problems and why? Further study tried to find out the answers to these questions. So Phisai district, Bueng Kan province was purposively selected for this study. A semi-structured interview was employed for qualitative data collection from key informants, leading farmers, farm households, farmer organization committee, cup lump bidding purchasers, and fresh rubber purchasers. This study was carried out during November 2010 and June 2011. The results were contradictory to the above-identified problems. The real, prioritized problems of the farmers studied could be classified into farmer organization and farmer household levels. At the farmer organization level, the main issues were: limited market choice and unstable price of rubber, late purchase and payment by the bidder, low quality or standard of rubber cup lump, insufficient revolving fund of the farmer organization, and the reduction of the rubber cup lump selling operations of the farmer organizations by the fresh rubber cup lump purchasers. At the household level, the problems were: limited market choice and unstable price of rubber, diseases and insect pests, theft of rubber cup lump in rubber plantation, limited skilled labor available, and health-related problems due to the change in livelihood patterns resulting from rubber production. Therefore, recommendations for problem solving should not only focus on the technical but also on the social aspects of the rubber farmers.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 035, Issue 1, Jan 14 - Apr 14, Page 61 - 72 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Farmers’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practice toward Organic Vegetables Cultivation in Northeast Thailand)

ผู้เขียน:ImgShimul Mondal, ImgTheerachai Haitook, ImgSuchint Simaraks

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

The main purpose of this preliminary study was to assess farmers’ knowledge, attitude, and practices toward organic vegetable farming. A survey method through a face-to-face interview from a purposively selected simple random sample of 40 households using a semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data from organic vegetables growers in Samsung, Khon Kaen province, Northeast Thailand. The findings showed that the knowledge levels of the respondents were low (55%) and medium (45%) with no high level respondents at all. The respondents’ answers on organic farming, especially pertaining to use of organic insecticides, herbicides and fertilizers, showed there is still some need for improvement: their attitude was not satisfactory in obtaining organic materials, there were difficulties in implementation, they considered there were less befits in it for them and they were still dependent on conventional practices, especially for pest and disease control.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 035, Issue 1, Jan 14 - Apr 14, Page 158 - 166 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : A Guideline for Developing Intensive Agriculture or Kasetpranit (Elaborate Agriculture) Indicators: Case Perception of Farmers in a Rural Area in Khon Kaen Province, Thailan

ผู้เขียน:ImgPatarapong Kroeksakul, ImgSuchint Simaraks

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

This report aimed to find the meaning of Kasetpranit (Elaborate agriculture) to farmers in northeast Thailand (Isaan region) and to identify indicators of Kasetpranit for developing a pattern of agricultural practices in Thailand. The study’s methodology was mainly qualitative; it focused on the interrelationship of the parameters involved in the activity and meaning of Kasetpranit. The study area was located in Khon Kaen province. It found that Kasetpranit can be divided into community-level indicators. This research on agricultural practices was conducted on small farms (0.75–5 ha). Kasetpranit is different from “intensive agriculture” on a large farm level and cannot be compared with such farms in northeast region communities. However, the research identified indicators of Kasetpranit ecology at the community level. The indicators were classified into three issues: 1) household, 2) farmland, and 3) environment.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 034, Issue 3, Sep 13 - Dec 13, Page 543 - 549 |  PDF |  Page