Search Result of "Social sciences"

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Development of Thai Cuisine for Western Consumers: Product Idea Generation and Screening)

ผู้เขียน:ImgSujinda Sriwattana, ImgAnna V. A. Resurreccion, Imgนายวิชัย หฤทัยธนาสันติ์, รองศาสตราจารย์, Imgดร.เพ็ญขวัญ ชมปรีดา, รองศาสตราจารย์

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Abstract

Thai cuisine is now popular in Western countries. As companies increasingly vie for increased distribution and market expansion, how products are marketed and developed for international consumers pose a serious challenge. This survey was conducted to investigate attitudes of Western consumers toward Thai cuisine, to obtain ideas that should be developed to provide convenience and to identify the market potential for further Thai cuisine product development studies. Personal interviews were conducted. The questionnaire used consisted of 16 questions on personal, attitudinal and preference ranking data. The 400 respondents participated in the study. The vast majority of the respondents rate strongly agree and somewhat agree to these following statements; 'Thai food is now a very popular international cuisine', 'hot and spicy describe Thai food', 'Thai food contains health promoting ingredients' and 'I may not want to eat Thai food everyday but I will certainly want to return to it often'. The result of preference ranking showed that the top three most popular dishes were Tom Yum Kung, followed by Pad Thai and Kaeng Kew Wan. After checklist screening, a decision was made to develop Tom Yum Kung. These results provide direction for the development of Thai cuisine for Western consumers.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 023, Issue 2, Jul 02 - Dec 01, Page 139 - 150 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Roles of Agricultural Extension Policymakers in Agricultural Development of Cambodia)

ผู้เขียน:ImgSovath LACH, Imgนางเกศินี ปายะนันทน์, ศาสตราจารย์, Imgกมลรัฐ อินทรทัศน์, ImgBuncha Sombunsooke

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

This research study examined the relationship between agricultural extension polimakers' demographic charateristics and the perception of their roles on agricultural extension policies. The main objectives of this study were: 1) To study the role performance in agricultural extension for agricultural development in Cambodia perceived by the agricultural extension policymakers; 2) To identify factors related to the perceived roles of the performance of the agricultural extension policymakers; 3) To identify the major problems and suggested solutions in the roles' performance of the agricultural extension policymakers for agricultural development; 4) To suggest possible strategic development on the roles' performance of the agricultural extension policymakers for agricultural development in Cambodia. Population was 80 agricultural policy makers from the case study which was at the Department of Agricutural Extension, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The data collection were both quantitative and qualitative approaches from questionnaires and the secondary data. The findings revealed that the level of agricultural extension policymakers' knowledge on agricultural extension policies was at average level and significantly related to the roles of agricultural extension policymakers. Furthermore, the age of the agricultural extension policymakers was significantly related to their roles' performance. The education field was significantly related to the openness of receiving information from television and the agricultural extension policymakers' knowledge on the policies. Family income was significantly related to the positive response of agricultural extension policymakers. Family's income also had relationship with the responsibility of the agricultural extension policymakers concerning this constitution. The results have given the researcher insights which can be more understand the holistic view on roles' performance of the agricultural extension policymakers. This findings could be adjusted, and modified to be more benefited to the agricultural development of Cambodia.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 023, Issue 2, Jul 02 - Dec 01, Page 167 - 184 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : The Integration between the Smallholder Beef Cattle Group and the Large-Scale Farm for Commercial Production)

ผู้เขียน:ImgAbdirashid Olad Abdullahi, Imgกมลรัฐ อินทรทัศน์, ImgPakupun Skunmun, Imgนางเกศินี ปายะนันทน์, ศาสตราจารย์

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

Beef cattle is one of the major livestock raised in most parts of Thailand especially in Northeastern part also including the Central region (Lindsay Falvey, 2000). There were two main beef cattle farming systems in Thailand particularly in the Central region : the Smallholder Beef Cattle Group(SBCG), and the Large-Scale Farm (LSF). These two farming types were roughly differentiated by their herd size, and their capacity of farm management and production. The qualitative research mainly focused its study in major factors that could affect to the effective integration between the SBCG and the LSF. This qualitative research was done under the in-dept study process in two types of farm levels under the case studies context: the LSF and the SBCG in Suphanburi Province. The SBCG which was selected as the representative of the smallholder Beef Cattle Groups consisted of 25 members who have initiated continuously around 5 years for its group operation. The other was the LSF (Large Scale Farm) which purposively selected to be the case study named "Lungchaw Farm" which had its main integration activities strategies of Win & Win management from the beginning up to present. Data gained from qualitative approaches were the structured and the unstructured interview, the direct and indirect observation, the focus group activities, and the relevant secondary data. From the literature review, there were 4 main factors : the socio-economic factors, the socio-cultural factors, the management factors, and the environmental factors which proved to be major factors that could influenced to the effective integration between the SBCG and the LSF. Most of the respondents were males, the average age was 41 years old with the primary school level. Their family members were average 4 persons and most of them had their own land with average 26.95 rais per family. Marjority of their farming system were the integration between crop and animal raising. Smallholders beef cattle raising were their dominant farming type. For the selected LSF case, their modern farm technologies and management were used and applied to the whole production system and facilitated to the SBCG under the integration farming system. The results proved significantly that four main factors had their positive impact on the effective integration between the SBCG and the LSF. This results indicated the possibility and need to the integration model between the SBCG and the LSF in the quality beef cattle production. This model could be mentioned as the innovative model which open the opportunity for any smallholder to develop themselves in doing quality farming system by their own.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 023, Issue 2, Jul 02 - Dec 01, Page 185 - 192 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:การยอมรับเทคโนโลยีของเกษตรกร ตามโครงการปรับโครงสร้างและระบบการผลิตการเกษตรภาคกลางของประเทศไทย

ผู้เขียน:Imgดร.อภิพรรณ พุกภักดี, ศาสตราจารย์, Imgกมลรัฐ อินทรทัศน์

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

The purposes of this research were: 1) to determine socio-economic characteristics of farmers; 2) to investigate the farmers's opinions toward the Agricultural Structure and Production System Adjustment Program (ASPSAP) and sources of knowledge; 3) to determine the level of technology adoption of the farmers; 4) to study the level of influence of the affecting and supporting variables to the sustainable technology adoption of the farmers; and 5) to determine problems and need of the farmers. The research was based on servey data obtained from schedualed interviews. The sample group comprised of a multi-stage sampling of 330 farmers who were members of the 1994 Agricultural Structure and Production System Adjustment Program (ASPSAP) in the Central Region of Thailand (30.00 percent of the population). The data were obtained from 267 respondents. (80.91 percent of the samples). Statistical procedures used in analyzing the data included frequencies, mean, standard deviation, weighted mean score, correlation, multiple regression, chi-square, analysis of variance, and the Scheffes' test. Based on this study, it was concluded that the majority of farmers were married men, with an average age of 49 years, and had primary school education. Each family had an average of 4 members of 2 were family farm laborers. Most of the farmers were members of the Bank for Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives. Generally, the farmers left their village to gain knowledge at least once a year and contact extension officers twice a year. They owned an average of 36.94 rai of farm land. Rice farming was their principal occupation whereas orchard farming was their secondary occupation. They had 30-40 years of experience in their principal occupation. Their major income was derived from agricultural enterprises. Most of the farmers joined the ASPSAP as a result of recommendation from the extension officers and hopes to increase their income. The opinions of farmers regarding the ASPSAP and the level of knowledge and experience acquired from the different sources were rated "fair". The level of extension service and the level of adoption of plant technology were rated "poor". while the level of adoption of livestocks, fisheries, and diversified agricultural technologies, on an average, was rated "poor". It was found that most of the social, economic and other supporting variables studied correlated at a low level with technology adoption by farmers. Plant diseases and insect pests, insufficient capital, and inadequate agricultural irrigation were their crucial farming problems. Therefore the farmers recommended that more regular extension services should be offered to farmers. In addition, the Department of Agricultural Extension should provide better varieties of orchard plants, agricultural irrigation system, and that production materials should be sold to farmers at reasonable price.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 022, Issue 1, Jan 01 - Jun 01, Page 14 - 26 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:การวิเคราะห์ทางเศรษฐกิจการผลิตและการตลาดของตะพาบน้ำพันธุ์ไต้หวัน

ผู้เขียน:Imgดร.สายชล เกตุษา, ศาสตราจารย์เกียรติคุณ, ImgKittipong Treetaruyanondha

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Abstract

Culture of soft-shell turtle for export has been a good income earning occupation for Thai farmers. But farmers now have marketing and price problems. The farmers have been trying to adjust the culture practices to lower their cost of production. This study reviews the status of soft-shell turtle culture, analyzes the profitability of farming the species, analyzes the market and price systems, and explores the problems and constraints to the production and marketing of the product. The research result found that majority of the farmers grow soft-shell turtle as a second occupation(82%). Average numbers of pond is 1-3 ponds. From the survey data derived from interviews in March 1999, the analysis showed the total cost of farm production was 241 baht per kilogram, farm price was 323 baht per kilogram, and net profit was 82 baht per kilogram. The second survey in December 1999 found that farm price decreased to 150 baht per kilogram. The farmers reduced their total cost to 128 baht per kilogram and realized a net profit of 22 baht per kilogram. The main culture problem is diseases that reduced more than half of the farm price of the defective (diseased) turtles. The market analysis found that farmers normally sell live soft-shell turtle to brokers or collectors by whole pond harvest and use the "a average-price selling approach". The product is then delivered to the exporter, and the broker gets a commission fee for the services. The collector totally owns the product when he/ she buys the product from farmers. The collector then sells the products to the exporter by size-grading approach. Some products are directly shipped to China by air, but almost all of the products are said to be transported to Hong Kong by air and then to China by boats or cars. Lately, however it became more difficult for Thai turtle exporters to export to China because China has set up Non-Tariff Barriers (NTBs) against Thai products. The NTBs argued to embargo the products include such reasons of disease problems and genetic mixing between Chinese and imported strains, etc. The exporters determine the buying price by following the auction price in Guangzhou, China. The price changes everyday. Trend of the price has been decreasing every year. The price also fluctuates by season. During the Chinese cold season (October-March) the Thai farmers get the highest price. The biggest market (China) has strong influence on the farm price movement. This research recommends that farmers should receive supports-proper knowledge of culturing technique and correct and up-to-date marketing and price information. China's import barriers directly affect Thai farmers. The Thai government should negotiate an import quota with China. As to reasons being used to justify an embargo of Thai turtles, there should be a mutual agreement between Thailand and China on the product certification and standards. Thailand should also look for other markets. To manage the distribution of export quota, the farmers then need to group in order to have a stronger bargaining power to sell their products and to improve the quality of the products.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 022, Issue 1, Jan 01 - Jun 01, Page 42 - 54 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:-

ผู้เขียน:Imgนายดิเรก ฤกษ์หร่าย, ศาสตราจารย์

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

Self-reliance development in Thailand could not work as estimated due to lacking of the indice for people’s organization to search for their real needs in the community. The development of basic minimum needs (BMN) approach in Thailand has achieved as an instrument of village committee for improving the quality of life since 1986. BMN indicators and its process were used as an instrument for problem’s diagnosis and evaluative instrument for quality of life improvement. The achievement of BMN approach in social development schemes could be evaluated in terms of : 1) The commitment from the government (in 20 August, 1985) and policy makers, 2) the widely acceptance of BMN indicators as an instrument for village committee since 1986, 3) with the preparation of BMN information as an instrument for intersectoral cooperation among 4 major ministries and for readjust the frame of policy, programmer planning and inplementating at the national level and provincial level.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 009, Issue 1, Jan 88 - Jun 88, Page 90 - 100 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:การประกอบอาชีพอิสระ : หนทางแก้ปัญหาการว่างงานของบัณฑิตเศรษฐศาสตร์

ผู้เขียน:Imgนางยุพิน ประจวบเหมาะ, รองศาสตราจารย์

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Abstract

One of the problems, Thailand is facing at present, is the problem of rising unemployment. The improvement of labour force quality and job promotion are believed to be the means of curing. This problem thus gaining increasing attention from various agencies concerned. Education is the process of increasing labour productivity which the tertiary level is regarded as an advance process. However tertiary education is expensive and unemployed graduates are costly and a waste of resources. Thus universities should search into the new paradigm of not only concentrating on quantity of graduates but also quality. Universities should no longer be a place of producing organization man, molded into government bureaucracy and private organization, but a place that produces people who can create jobs through self-employment. This study aims to find out whether economic study, which is the most relevant, could improve the ability of graduates to engage in self-employment, paying particular attention to the graduates from the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration in Kasetsart University, Bangkok. The study is based on primary and secondary data. The first part presents the overview of the education management and the state of the unemployment problem. It also advocates the universities in the past proceed only to achieve the physical development, establishing new departments and disciplines, answering to the increasing and from the increasing population, less concern is placed on an employment issue. Self-employment is the mew alternative worth to be further explored. Education for self-employment will lessen the magnitude of the unemployment as well as generate more jobs. The second part is based on the primary data collected from the faculty alumni through postal questionnaires. Basing on responded 500 observation, it is found that 43.6 percent are unemployed, 63.8 percent are employed in private and public organizations, only 22.6 are self-employed despite the 83.4 percent that desire to be self-employed. Basing on the observations opinion, it is found that the success of self-employment depends on personal ability and experiences which could be trained through new educational management emphasizing on ability to think and do things not just the ability to memorize things. This “new” education must consist of educational activities and activities that reinforce and improve the experiences of becoming self-employed, equip students with the ability to create their own jobs and generate jobs for others. This “new” education is believed to be helpful to the employment issue of the country.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 009, Issue 2, Jul 88 - Dec 88, Page 109 - 119 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Book Review, Communication Between Cultures. (6th ed.). 2007. (International Student Edition))

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Abstract



Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 028, Issue 2, May 07 - Aug 07, Page 298 - 300 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:การสำรวจความรู้ในเนื้อหาวิชาเคมีของนิสิตครูวิทยาศาสตร์

ผู้เขียน:Imgชาตรี ฝ่ายคำตา, Imgดร.เพ็ญศรี บุญสวรรค์ส่ง, อาจารย์, Imgดร.วรรณทิพา รอดแรงค้า, ศาสตราจารย์

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

The purpose of this descriptive study was to explore content knowledge in chemistry of pre-service science teachers. The Chemistry Concept Test (CCT) was developed to investigate chemistry concepts in the following areas; atomic mass and mass of 1 atom, conservation of atom, burning, chemical bonding, dissolution, and chemical equilibrium. The CCT was administered to twenty-nine university pre-service science teachers during professional experience training. The study revealed that pre-service science teachers held misconceptions of all concepts, especially in atomic mass and mass of 1 atom, burning, dissolution, and chemical equilibrium. The results showed that most pre-service science teachers depended on memorization of the concepts without meaningful understanding, used everyday language to explain changes of matter, and failed to explain the particulate nature of particle in microscopic level. Institutions responsible for preparing science teachers are recommended to strengthen the content knowledge of pre-service science teachers before professional experience training.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 027, Issue 1, Jan 06 - Jun 06, Page 27 - 38 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ระบบเกษตรกรรมยั่งยืน: การผลิดในฐานสังคมวัฒนธรรมและทรัพยากร

ผู้เขียน:ImgNuntiya Hutanuwatr, ImgNarong Hutanuwatr

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

This study was aimed at investigating the models of sustainable farming based on Socio-Culture and Resource background of a group of 32 northeastern Thai farmers. These farmers are transforming Thai conventional farming to better sustainable agricultural systems. Their farms are located in three districts of Yasothon province, namely, Gudchum, Saimun and Muang. An action-research approach was employed in this study. The period of study was from October 2002 to June 2004. This study found that the sustainable farming models could be classified into five types, namely: 1) paddy farm model, 2) paddy and tree farm model, 3) paddy and field crop and cattle farm model, 4) paddy and field crop and cattle concentrated vegetable farm model, and 5) paddy and field crop concentrated cattle farm model. Paddy farm model was the most favorable type. Each model has similar farming key elements but is different in details. Differences were made by six factors. They are: 1) suitability of resource base, 2) production skill on cultural base, 3) labor and machine of family base, 4) marketing experience of family base, 5) location and transportation of village base, and 6) influence of group process on making decision. Each farm model has eight production activities. They are: rice growing, crop before rice and crop after rice growing, herbal growing, tree growing, animal raising, fish raising, soil fertile managing, and water management. These activities in sustainable farming have been integrated and are complementary with each other which leads to efficiency of utilization of these activities. Therefore, farmers have to be conscious about suitable management and about the complementary and diversity aspects of their farms. This management has been involved with three factors. They are: 1) using a by-product of one activity to be useful to another, 2) distributing resources such as land, labor, money and time in running an integrated farm, and 3) distributing risk in farming. If farmers mismanage diversity and integration of production, there will be a conflict among activities instead of being complementary. Furthermore, if they mismanage labor and time between farm activities and community activities, they may be involved in a battle among themselves and their families.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 027, Issue 2, Jul 06 - Dec 06, Page 278 - 293 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ความคิดเห็นเกี่ยวกับปัญหาการบริหารงานภายหลังการปฏิรูประบบราชการของข้าราชการกรมป่าไม้

ผู้เขียน:ImgChayent Pilian, Imgนาย- ภัทรธรรม, รองศาสตราจารย์

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

Objectives of this research were to determine opinion level, recommendation and factors related to opinions of the officials under Royal Forest Department on the administrative problems after government reform. The data was gathered by using the designed questionnaires interviewed 315 sampled Royal Forest Department officials who held position ranging from level 3 to 8, and working under the central and provincial administration. Chi-square method was employed for testing the relationship between dependent and independent variables with the given significance at the .05 level. A computer program was employed for the data analysis. The results of the study indicated that the Royal Forest Department official opinions on administrative problem after the government reform were at the high level with the average score of 3.89, this means that there were various administrative problems after the government reform; the most serious one was the problem about the organization with the average score of 4.07. Thus, the mitigation for such problem will be urgently needed. Based on the options of the officials, factors related to the administration problem were duty classification, personnel and inappropriate authority. Hence, the mentioned weakness should be urgently improved, as well as the Royal Forest Department, Department of National Park, Wildlife and Plants and Department of Marine and Coast Resource should be combined together to be the one and under the Royal Forest Department as before. In addition, the morale of the Royal Forest Department official was the only factor related to the official opinions on administrative problem after the government reform.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 027, Issue 2, Jul 06 - Dec 06, Page 294 - 306 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ทิศทางการผลิตครูวิทยาศาสตร์ในช่วง 15 ปี (พ.ศ. 2545-2559)

ผู้เขียน:Imgรัชนี ศิลปบรรเลง, Imgดร.วรรณทิพา รอดแรงค้า, ศาสตราจารย์, Imgพรทิพย์ ไชยโส, Imgดร.นฤมล ยุตาคม, ผู้ช่วยศาสตราจารย์, ImgKantimanee Phanwichien

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Abstract

The objectives of the study were to analyze the production of first degree level science teachers by teacher institutions starting from the period of the Third National Educational Development Plan (BE 2515- 2519) to that of the Eighth Plan (BE 2540-2544), and to synthesize trends of pre-service science teacher education in the fifteen years period. The population understudied were 250 pieces of related documents on the production of science teachers from the period of the Third National Educational Development Plan (BE 2515-2519) till that of the Eighth Plan (BE 2540-2544); and four groups of experts related to the production and development of science teachers, altogether 48 persons. The research instruments were data recording sheets and open-ended questionnaires inquiring opinions of experts in teacher production about the draft trend of teacher production in the fifteen years period. Tools for analyzing the collected information included a content analysis technique, average and percentage. Results of the study revealed that science teacher production during the periods of the Third to the Eighth Plans was based on the philosophy orientating towards output and process rather than giving due importance to recruiting the able and moral students into the teaching profession. The 48 teacher institutions produced general science teachers the most and had the tendency to produce fewer teachers in biology. There was actually a mismatch between output and demand, lower than the target set forth in the Plans. In particular, there was a shortage of science teachers at the primary education level. In addition, teachers' knowledge, teaching techniques and their scientific procedural skills were rated low. Further, it was found that the production trend in fifteen years was as follows: the philosophy focus on producing science teachers possessing critical thinking skills, ability to apply techniques and methods appropriate to scientific contents as well as to communicate effectively, and literacy in computer and technology. In addition, policy had to emphasize building up faith in the profession, setting up selection criteria for recruiting entrants having an average in science subjects not lower than 2.75, giving science teacher graduates higher monthly salary than those in science, reforming science education curriculum and improving the quality of the faculty members. In relation to curriculum it was gear towards the 5-year degree program or the 5-year study in which students took double majors leading to two degrees (B.Sc. and B.Ed.), in which students either take it in parallel or top up one another by means of taking double majors general science and another major subject. In addition, intuitions should increase graduate production in Earth Science, Environmental Science and Biology as well as offer science teacher program for primary school that corresponds with the basic education curriculum of B.E. 2544, in particular the science learning core program. In term of output, there was decreasing rate of growth in science teacher production approximately at 1,800 and 1,600 per year for primary and secondary education levels respectively. In addition, it was required that science teacher needed to have the following attributes, i.e., having good understanding of the content of science, mastery of scientific procedural skills, scientific minded and being able to construct school-based curriculum. As a result, the trend of pre-service science teacher education in the fifteen years period, related to its philosophy, policy, curriculum and fields, is that there will be sufficient qualified science teachers.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 027, Issue 1, Jan 06 - Jun 06, Page 39 - 50 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:การประกอบธุรกิจขนาดย่อมของนักคหกรรมศาสตร์: กรณีศึกษาผู้สำเร็จการศึกษาด้านคหกรรมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยเกษตรศาสตร์

ผู้เขียน:Imgจันทร์พร ช่วงโชติ, Imgนฤมล ศราธพันธุ์

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to study: 1) the means to enter in small business of home economics graduates of Kasetsart University; 2) the management and procedures of small business; and 3) problems encountered in doing their business. A qualitative approach was used in gaining the necessary information for facilitation business success. Fifteen small business owners were purposively drawn from a list of home economists. A semi-structured interview was conducted to collect in-depth information. Content analysis was continued with an effort to "learn from them." The results revealed that of 15 home economics graduates from Kasetsart University, 13 home economists started their own business and 2 home economists inherited a family business. Two influential factors on their decisions for creating their small business were: (1) internal factors including personal characteristics, need, performance, entrepreneurial, experience and age; and (2) external factors including forced situation, income, opportunity and competition business potential, and family. Business procedures included (1) marketing, (2) finance (3) production, and (4) personnel administration. Problems encountered in marketing were high competition, uncertainty of economics and the owner's lack of knowledge in business marketing; financial problems were insufficient capital, and non-system accounting; use of old and out of date machinery in production, and personnel administration problems were those who have less knowledge, and a lot of turn outs of those who have improved knowledge and skills.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 027, Issue 1, Jan 06 - Jun 06, Page 51 - 57 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:การติดตามและประเมินผลโครงการพัฒนาทรัพยากรบุคคล เพื่อป้อนธุรกิจอาหารไทยสู่โลก ปีที่ 2

ผู้เขียน:Imgสมศรี ภัทรธรรม, Imgนางรัตนา อังกสิทธิ์, ผู้ช่วยศาสตราจารย์, Imgอนุพร สุวรรณวาจกกสิกิจ, Imgวัฒนา สวรรยาธิปัติ, Imgนางสาวกาญจเนศ อรรถวิภาคไพศาล, รองศาสตราจารย์

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to investigate the effectiveness of the two-course training, the economic outcome and occupation of the participants after training. The data were collected by using 2 sets of questionnaires from 345 first-course participants and 193 of second- course participants, and statistically analysed for percentage and arithmetic mean. The results revealed that before training, 31.6 percent of first-course participants and 23.8 percent of second-course participants were in food business in Thailand, 4.9 percent and 2.6 percent of first-course and second-course participants were in food business in foreign countries. After the training, 51.6 percent of first-course participants and 36.8 percent of second-course participants were in food business in the country, while 10.1 percent and 17.6 percent of first-course and second-course participants were in food business in foreign countries. It was found that both course participants earned more income after training, and more than 50 percent of them wanted to change their occupation to be in food business. For the effectiveness of the training, it was clear that the first-course participants gained more knowledge from 15 lectured lessons of 18 lessons, and gained more knowledge and experience from 11 handson experience of 12 lessons. Besides, the second-course participants gained more knowledge from 18 lectured lessons of 25 lessons and gained more knowledge and experience from 4 hands-on experiences of 6 lessons, and also gained moderate experience from study tour. It was also found that the most important problem was applying for visa to work in foreign countries, this was the most needed.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 027, Issue 1, Jan 06 - Jun 06, Page 58 - 66 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Schema Development Process of an EFL Reader in a US University: A Case Study)

ผู้เขียน:Imgดร.พรศิริ ม่วงสมัย, รองศาสตราจารย์

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

Reading is one of the basic skills, yet, mostly, learners engage in it individually. Previous research has shown there is an association between the native language (L1) and the second language (L2) reading; however, little research has been done within a qualitative framework on how L2 readers construct or develop their schemata in order to comprehend L2 texts. This article aims at describing how L1 reading habits influenced L2 reading of a non-native speaker of English as an English as a foreign language (EFL) reader, and how she developed her reading strategies and built up formal and content schemata in order to interpret L2 academic texts effectively. To understand the phenomena, an open-ended questionnaire, face-to-face interviews, observation and the participant’s reading log were used for data collection. The findings revealed that the participant’s L1 literacy training helped her tackle terminology problems but made it difficult for her to read to meet the requirements of her American university. Reading strategies that promoted her schema construction played a key role in enhancing her reading effectiveness.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 027, Issue 2, Jul 06 - Dec 06, Page 331 - 338 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Youth Supervision Based on Islam Provided by Muslim Leaders in Southern Thailand)

ผู้เขียน:ImgKasetchai Laeheem, ImgAbdullohmalik Madreh

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

on Islam by Muslim leaders in three southern border provinces of Thailand. In-depth interviews were undertaken with principal informants: six Muslim leaders, six youth leaders, and six Muslim academics. Expansion description was employed to analyze the data. The results showed that in each community, Muslim leaders played a principal role in supervising youth based on Islamic belief by using different methods depending on the surrounding situations and individual ability. Supervisory budget sources were donation money, Zakat grants, and an endorsement budget from state organizations. However, there were four major problems which caused inefficiency in youth supervision: lack of understanding and definition of the roles and duties of some Muslim leaders, unawareness of the importance of youth supervision, skill and experience deficiencies in youth supervision, and a limited relationship between Muslim leaders and youth groups.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 035, Issue 1, Jan 14 - Apr 14, Page 92 - 102 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Thai Third-Year Undergraduate Students’ Frequent Use of Reading Strategies with a Focus on Reading Proficiency and Gender)

ผู้เขียน:ImgRakchanok Saengpakdeejit

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

This article analyzes the differences in the reported use of reading strategies of Thai third-year students when reading academic material. The aims of this study were to determine how the frequent use of reading strategies is varied by the student’s reading proficiency level and gender. Participants were 549 third-year students studying at Khon Kaen University, Thailand, who completed a survey of three categories of reading strategies: Global Reading Strategy, Problem Solving Strategy, and Support Strategy. The results of the study indicated that problem solving strategies were the most frequently used, followed by global reading strategies and support strategies. Significant variation in the frequency of students’ use of strategies in the three main categories were found according to the level of reading proficiency. Gender also played a role in affecting the frequency of strategy use; female students used problem solving strategies and support strategies significantly more frequently than male students.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 035, Issue 1, Jan 14 - Apr 14, Page 103 - 112 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Hedging Effectiveness Comparison between Emerging and Developed Futures Exchanges)

ผู้เขียน:Imgดร.ธนโชติ บุญวรโชติ, รองศาสตราจารย์, Imgสุวรรณา พนาพิทักษ์กุล

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

This research estimated hedge ratios by using two econometric models: constant hedge ratios (ordinary least square technique, OLS; vector autoregressive model, VAR; and vector error correction model, VECM) and dynamic hedge ratios (DVEC-GARCH). These hedge ratios developed using these models were tested for hedging effectiveness by the amount of average variance reduction between the hedged and unhedged positions for indices, gold, and single stock futures contracts in three futures exchanges: the US exchange (CME) as a well-developed exchange, the Taiwan Futures Exchange (TFX) and the Thailand Futures Exchange (TFEX) as two emerging exchanges. The constant hedge ratio models were superior to the dynamic hedge ratios and the VECM model performed better than the VAR or OLS models, while, the DVEC-GARCH model could reduce the portfolio variance the least. Nevertheless, variance reduction of the portfolio can be efficiently done about 80 percent for every exchange.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 035, Issue 1, Jan 14 - Apr 14, Page 113 - 123 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Economic Analysis and Constraints of Traditional Processing of African Locust Bean in Kwara State, Nigeria)

ผู้เขียน:ImgRashid Solagberu Adisa, ImgSimeon Olushola Ayanshina

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

The African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) is mostly a wild-growing crop-tree whose fruit possesses widespread food and nonfood usefulness throughout West Africa. In Nigeria, the processing of African locust bean seeds (ALBS) into a soup condiment is a source of income among many rural households. Incidentally, ALBS processors are somewhat associated with poverty despite the widespread demand for the product. This study examined the economics and constraints of ALBS processing, with a view to identifying the interventional imperatives. The study was conducted in late 2011 in Kogi State, Nigeria—well known for the production of ALBS condiments. A systematic random sampling technique was used to select 139 respondents from a list of processors compiled with the assistance of leaders of the typically informal associations of ALBS processors. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data, while a reconnaissance survey of the study area was also conducted. A test-retest method was used to determine the reliability of the questionnaire, yielding a coefficient r value of .89, implying that the instrument was reliable. The results revealed that ALBS processing was dominated by middle-aged women, having little or no formal education, and mainly using labor-intensive traditional techniques. Cost-benefit analysis however revealed a relatively high profit margin. Regression analysis revealed that the cost of seeds, labor and water availability contributed most significantly to the output of ALBS processing among respondents. Major production constraints were ALB tree felling/burning, low technology application, and storage. The study recommended, inter alia, development of appropriate ALBS processing technology (such as a de-pulping machine) and virile extension and credit intervention.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 035, Issue 1, Jan 14 - Apr 14, Page 124 - 133 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:International Conference on Business and Social Sciences

หัวเรื่อง:Effects of Human Resource Practices on Internal Influence and External Representation: An Empirical Study of Flight Attendants

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