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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา วิทยาศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Influences of Green Manures and N-fertilizer Management on Nutrient Uptakes and Yield of Cassava on a Degraded Sandy Soil)

ผู้เขียน:ImgPimprapa Sinkumkoon, Imgดร.ศุภิฌา ธนะจิตต์, รองศาสตราจารย์, Imgดร.สมชัย อนุสนธิ์พรเพิ่ม, รองศาสตราจารย์, Imgนายเอิบ เขียวรื่นรมณ์, ศาสตราจารย์เกียรติคุณ, ImgPreecha Petprapai, ImgRoongnapa Bowichean



The effects of green manures combined with nitrogen fertilizer rates on cassava was studied on a Warin soil, having a very sandy nature, in Nakhon Ratchasima province. Three treatments comprising ruzi grass, sun hemp and no green manure incorporation (local weeds) as a control, were tested in a split-plot design. Four nitrogen rates (0, 7.5, 15 and 22.5 kg.rai-1 N) as subplots were also studied. Ruzi grass as well as local weeds (mainly jungle rice, crabgrass and goat buttons) contained the highest potassium content of 2.32 and 2.16%, respectively, whereas sun hemp consisted of the highest nitrogen content (2.11%). The amounts of available nitrogen released from ruzi grass and sun hemp were almost identical (74.69–75.55 and significantly higher than that obtained from local weeds (55.72 Green manure had a clear effect on the cassava yield and plant nutrient uptake whereas N fertilizer had none. Sun hemp and local weed gave the highest fresh tuber yield (4.01 and 3.65 t.rai-1) and above-ground biomass (1.34 and 1.13 t.rai-1) of cassava while the starch content was likely to be low, especially in the case of using sun hemp as green manure (30.83%). The cassava yield and above-ground biomass tended to increase with no significant difference but the starch content significantly decreased with increasing rates of N fertilizer. Nitrogen applied at the rate of 22.5 kg.rai-1 N gave the highest fresh tuber yield of 3.50 t.rai-1 of the nitrogen only treatments. Sun hemp green manuring followed by the application of N fertilizer at the rate of 15 kg.rai-1 N gave the significantly highest fresh tuber yield of 4.35 t.rai-1 while the lowest amount of 2.13 t.rai-1 was produced by the plot using ruzi grass as green manure without any additional N fertilizer.

Article Info
Agriculture and Natural Resources -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Natural Science), Volume 049, Issue 3, May 15 - Jun 15, Page 375 - 389 |  PDF |  Page