Search Result of "Parinya Cherdchom"

About 4 results
Img

ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Potential, Capacity and Development of Hired Labor in Smallholding Rubber Production System: Lesson Learned from Traditional Rubber Area, Songkhla Province)

ผู้เขียน:ImgBuncha Somboonsuke, ImgWanchai Dhammasaccakarn, ImgParinya Cherdchom, Imgอรอนงค์ ลองพิชัย, ImgPurawich Phitthayaphinant

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

This study investigated the dynamics, conditions of using hired labor, working characteristics, wages of hired labor, and guidelines for increasing the working efficiency of the hired labor of rubber farmer households in Songkhla province. A total sample of 395 rubber smallholding households that used hired labor was used for data collection through structured interviews. Also, 60 households of the total sample were used for in-depth interviews. Descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. The results classified the dynamics of hired labor into 5 periods; (1) before 1960: traditional rubber production, (2) 1961-1980: green revolution, (3) 1981-1992: alternative agriculture, (4) 1993-2002: initial industrial rubber production, and (5) 2003 to present: industrial rubber production. There was an increase in hired labor in rubber production with more complications in the hired labor process. There were 5 types of hired labor according to the sources of labor: relatives as hired labor, villagers as hired labor, different district or province hired labor in the south, different farmer households had a tendency to hire more tapping labor. This would affect the benefits of sharing between owners and hired laborers that could be divided into 3 patterns of: contract agreement, daily wage paid, and wage paid by activity. In the contract agreement, benefit ratios between owners and hired laborers were 60:40, 55:45, 50:50, and 70:30. Choosing a benefit ratio would depend on: (1) the skill and experience of the hired labor in working in rubber plantations, (2) the number of household laborers, (3) local wage rates and contract agreement characteristics, (4) farm size holding and labor capacity, (5) the impact of socio-economics, environment, policy, and politics, and (6) the frequency of tapping to increase family income when there was a high rubber price. The guidelines for the development of hired labor in the rubber production system were: (1) strengthening the socio-economic status of hired labor, (2) promoting relationships between owners and hired labor, (3) improving the bio-physical characteristics of the rubber plantation area, (4) promoting fair conditions and a contract agreement of benefits, (5) improving labor quality, and (6) increasing the skill of tapping and working hired labor through knowledge transfer and training processes.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 036, Issue 1, Jan 15 - Apr 15, Page 74 - 87 |  PDF |  Page 

Img

ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:การวิเคราะห์ความสัมพันธ์ระหว่างปัจจัยทางเศรษฐกิจ สังคม กับความเคลื่อนไหวของราคาปาล์มน้ำมันในจังหวัด กระบี่ พังงา ตรัง ชุมพ และสตูล

ผู้เขียน:ImgParinya Cherdchom, ImgTitirat Maireng, ImgBuncha Somboonsuke

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to study oil palm price situation and socio-economic factors correlating to determine and stabilized oil palm price. Data were collected by means secondary data for analysis seasonal price index, and interview from 103 samples;' 70 oil palm farmers, 20 oil palm local's dealer, and oil palm entrepreneur The results revealed that oil palm price was moved based on season by with increasing from November (seasonal price index 88.06) to maximized in January (seasonal price index 103.6), and decreasing below average price in April (seasonal price index 91.79). Consequently, price was decreased in maximized in October (seasonal price index 84.71). For correlation analysis, it was founded that ability to bargaining price of oil palm farmer was positive relate to farmgate price determination (r=0.78 at significant level 0.01), level of competition among local merchandises was positive relate to price determination (r=0.39 at significant level 0.01), while crop oil substitution policy and international oil palm price were positive relate to price determination for entrepreneur (r=0.58, and 0.30 at significant level 0.01). In addition, it was founded that ability to bargaining price, information exposure, bio-diesel policy, oil palm free trade policy, efficient government structure were relating to price stabilization of oil palm farmer at significant level 0.01. For oil palm dealer, occupation experience and export policy were positive relating to price stabilization, while illegal oil palm import, soil bran oil import were negative relating to price stabilization. For oil palm entrepreneur, quantity of demand, and information exposure were significant factors relating to price stabilization.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 023, Issue 2, Jul 02 - Dec 01, Page 118 - 130 |  PDF |  Page 

Img

ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : The Sustainable Livelihood of Rubber Small Holder: A Case Study of Rubber- Fruit Tree Farming System in Kao Phra Community, The Southern Thailand)

ผู้เขียน:ImgBuncha Somboonsuke, ImgParatta Prommee, ImgParinya Cherdchom, ImgJaruiy Petcharat

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

For maintaining sustainable livelihood of small holding rubber-fruit tree farming system, they should try to decrease their vulnerability and limitations set by concerned organizations. The policy should promote creation of farm asset, determine access and rate of asset accumulations, and also, the policy should enable small holders to develop appropriate farm plans and their appropriate implementation strategy in order to achieve farm sustainability. The suggested plan and implementation for supporting these systems include, improvement in the price and marketing system, improvement of the appropriate technology for production and improvement in the agricultural energy for efficiency at the national level. In the regional level, also, the objectives should include the improving coordination mechanism during the implementation of the plan through the maintenance of efficiency with among the organization. In farm level, the objectives aim to increase farm efficiency and productivity for sustainable farm income by empowering small holders and decreasing risks in managing farm.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 024, Issue 2, Jul 03 - Dec 03, Page 156 - 168 |  PDF |  Page 

Img

ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Economic Performances of Small Holding Rubber-based Farms in Southern Region Thailand: Case Study in Khao Phra, Phijit, and Khlong Phea Communities Songkhla Province)

ผู้เขียน:ImgParinya Cherdchom, ImgParatta Prommee, ImgBuncha Somboonsuke

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

Rubber small holding farms, presently, were forced to adapt to maintain economic viability under the economic crisis in South East Asia. The results were founded that four systems of rubber based farms, namely, rubber-intercrop farming system, rubber-fruit tree farming system, rubber-livestock farming system and rubber-integrated framing system show better economic performances with greater gross margin, higher net farm income, and better justification as evidenced by investment appraisal than other farm types, especially in cases of the sub-systems including rubber-pineapple farming system (R21) Rubber--durian-mangosteen farming system (R43), rubber--durian-mangosteen-rambutan farming system (R44), rubber-chicken farming system (R53), and Rubber--durian-fishery farming system (R61). These system are, therefore, appropriate for promoting extension service in the rubber growing area in Thailand.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 023, Issue 2, Jul 02 - Dec 01, Page 151 - 166 |  PDF |  Page