Search Result of "Natthita Rojchanaprasart"

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Competency of Small-Scale Fishers in Fishery Co-Management)

ผู้เขียน:ImgNatthita Rojchanaprasart, ImgTeeradej Chai-aroon, ImgNawarat Phlainoi, ImgKangwan Juntarashote

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

This study aims to demonstrate the competency level of small-scale fishers for operating fishery comanagement. The study was conducted in three phases. The first phase deals with constructing and verifying competency model by reviewing literature to construct the initial model and in-depth interviewing with the fishery co-management experts. Phase II is competency assessment using questionnaires to interview smallscale fishers. A total of 392 fishers which comprised of 204 and 188 persons from the upper and lower provinces on the Andaman coastline, respectively, were sampled. Finally, Phase III concerns with verifying the assessed results by expert focus-groups. Examination of each competency aspect revealed that, from the nine competencies, small-scale fishers in the upper province had knowledge of geo-ecological and local resource at a leading level which was higher than small-scale fishers in the lower province whose knowledge was at the application level. However, smallscale fishers in these provinces had the learning person competency at the beginner level. Considering all aspects of competency simultaneously by cluster analysis, it was found small-scale fishers could be divided into three groups: those who had knowledge of fishery law and geo-ecology but weak in experience; those who were learning person and had holistic thinking; and those who lacked volunteer spirit, leadership, and communication. The study suggests that the competency of small-scale fishers in fishery co-management which should be developed primarily is learning person, follow by holistic thinking, volunteer spirit, leadership, and communication competencies.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 031, Issue 3, Sep 10 - Dec 10, Page 424 - 435 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Comparison Between Traditional Ecological Knowledge of Coastal Villagers in Thailand and Scientific Ecological Knowledge Regarding Dugong)

ผู้เขียน:ImgNatthita Rojchanaprasart, ImgPrasert Tongnunui, Imgดร.วิภาวรรณ ตินนังวัฒนะ, อาจารย์

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

Previous studies of traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of dugongs are sparse. Moreover, they did not compare TEK and SEK (scientific ecological knowledge) with statistical testing. Hence, this paper examined an equal proportion of TEK and SEK. The study covered five coastal communities in Trang province. In-depth interviews were used with coastal village elders by snowball sampling and with the team leaders of 5 coastal resource conservation groups by purposive sampling––a total of 40 interviewees. Qualitative analysis was applied by coding the knowledge issues of TEK for a comparison with the SEK that was derived from literature reviews and knowledge sharing in fora among villagers, academics, and other sectors. Consistent issues were scored as 1 and inconsistent issues were scored as 0, with the maximum score being 86. The proportion of TEK to SEK was tested by chi-square. The findings indicated that for the dugong morphology, the proportion of TEK was equal to SEK (p = .370). For dugong behavior, including swimming, breathing, feeding, and social behavior and communication, the proportion of TEK was equal to SEK (p = 1.000, .366, .715 and 1.000, respectively), while the proportion of TEK on breeding and parental care of calves was not equal to SEK (p = .034). In other words, the proportion of TEK on parental care of calves was equal to SEK (p = .405), while the proportion of TEK on breeding was not equal to SEK (p = .033). From the test results above, it could be concluded that the villagers’ traditional ecological knowledge regarding dugongs was comparable to the scientific ecological knowledge. Therefore, it is an extremely valuable source of knowledge. The study results suggested that traditional ecological knowledge regarding dugongs directly influences dugong conservation with the dugong being an important indicator of the abundance of aquatic resources. Moreover, the use of the traditional ecological knowledge not only empowered the coastal villagers to participate in dugong conservation, but also supported their participation in dugong planning because the coastal villagers were stakeholders in the co-management.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 035, Issue 2, May 14 - Aug 14, Page 368 - 377 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Sustainability of Coastal Community-Based Ecotourism in Trang Province)

ผู้เขียน:ImgNatthita Rojchanaprasart, Imgดร.วิภาวรรณ ตินนังวัฒนะ, อาจารย์, ImgPrasert Tongnunui

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

The objective of this research was to study the sustainability of ecotourism in coastal communities in Trang province, Thailand. The target groups were community tourism leaders, stakeholders (such as the Subdistrict Administration Organization, staff of the Office of Tourism and Sports, staff of Non-Government Organizations), and tourists staying in four homestays. The homestays were Yong Star homestay, Bho Hin farmstay, Kho Libong homestay, and Kho Muk homestay. The data were collected using in-depth interviews, a sharing forum, and a questionnaire. From the results, the sustainability of coastal community-based ecotourism could be considered from an output/outcome dimension. There were agreements between the evaluation results for both communities and tourists. From the total score of 5.00, ranking of the overall sustainability was at the high level (X = 4.04 and 3.82, respectively) along with the effectiveness of tourism management in the community (X = 4.01 and 3.78, respectively), and the impact of tourism management on the community (X = 4.06 and 3.85, respectively). However, these sustainability levels were affected by three dimensions: context, communities’ social capital and process dimensions.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 036, Issue 1, Jan 15 - Apr 15, Page 60 - 73 |  PDF |  Page