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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา วิทยาศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : The Optimum use of Salinity, Nitrate and Pond Depth for b-Carotene Production of Dunaliella salina)

ผู้เขียน:Imgนางอรพิน ภูมิภมร, รองศาสตราจารย์, Imgนายอุดม สิทธิภู่ประเสริฐ, อาจารย์, ImgNaiyana Boontaveeyuwat, Imgดร.จันทนา ไพรบูรณ์, ผู้ช่วยศาสตราจารย์



Dunaliella salina, halotorelant green algae was collected from the East Coast of Thailand. It has a massive accumulation of b-carotene when grown under defined growth conditions such as high light intensity, high salt concentration and nitrate deficiency. The present study investigated the optimization of salinity, nitrate and pond depth for cell growth and b-carotene production of the alga in question. Cultivation was done in three stages. These were indoor cell growth cultivation, outdoor cell growth cultivation and outdoor b-carotene production. The optimum salinity for cell growth of indoor and outdoor cultivation (5 l) was 9% NaCl, which has specific growth rate (m) of 0.579 (d-1) and 0.981 (d-1). The optimum salinity for outdoors b-carotene production (5 l) when use 40% inoculum (2.16 ? 106 cell ml-1) was 12% NaCl. This produced b-carotene content of 51.73 mg ml-1. In addition, the concentrations of medium used were 100%, 75% and 50% to decrease nitrate concentration in the starter ponds for increasing b-carotene production in the next step. The results showed that 50% medium gave minimum nitrate concentration of 4.5 mg l-1. For the effect of pond depth, the light expose of the alga were used 9, 11, 13 and 18 cm the ratios of carotenoid to chlorophyll were 7.48, 6.25, 5.54 and 3.35, respectively. Therefore the suitable pond depth for b-carotene production from D. salina was 9 to 11 cm.

Article Info
Agriculture and Natural Resources -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Natural Science), Volume 037, Issue 1, Jan 03 - Mar 03, Page 84 - 89 |  PDF |  Page