Search Result of "Gursum district"

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Dimensions of Food Insecurity and Adoption of Soil Conservation Technology in Rural Areas of Gursum District, Eastern Ethiopia)

ผู้เขียน:ImgAbebaw Shimeles, Imgเพ็ญพร เจนการกิจ, Imgดร.วุฒิ หวังวัชรกุล, รองศาสตราจารย์

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

Defining food security in terms of availability and access to sufficient food to meet dietary needs for a productive and healthy life, this paper assessed the dimensions of food insecurity and its association with the adoption of soil conservation technologies in the Gursum district of Eastern Ethiopia. Stratified random sampling was employed to select 280 rural households, from which primary data were acquired by means of structured questionnaires. This study applied the Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (FGT) model, which was originally developed for poverty analysis, to examine the incidence of food insecurity, and the food insecurity gap and severity of food insecurity. Sixty seven percent of the total sampled households adopted structural soil conservation measures. Of those who were adopters, 43 percent and 57 percent undertook traditional and introduced soil conservation measures, respectively. The results indicated that almost 66 percent of the sampled households were food insecure during the survey period, with the food insecurity gap and severity of food insecurity being 27 and 14 percent, respectively. Moreover, food insecurity was also found to be significantly higher in households that were non-adopters of soil conservation measures.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 032, Issue 2, May 11 - Aug 11, Page 308 - 318 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Analysis of Factors Affecting Adoption of Soil Conservation Measures among Rural Households of Gursum District, Ethiopia)

ผู้เขียน:ImgAbebaw Shimeles, Imgเพ็ญพร เจนการกิจ, Imgดร.วุฒิ หวังวัชรกุล, รองศาสตราจารย์

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

Land degradation in the highlands of Ethiopia is reaching an irreversible state. It has become increasingly difficult to maintain the current level of production of basic food items. Government and nongovernmental organizations have attempted to promote soil conservation technologies. However, their attempts have not succeeded in activating voluntary adoption to the expected level. This paper examines the main determinants of farmers? adoption decisions and the use intensity of level bund soil conservation measures using a cross-sectional sample of 280 farm households in the Gursum district of Eastern Ethiopia. Tobit analysis was employed to analyze the data. The results showed that highland agro-ecological location, slope, educational level of the household head, extension service, land tenure security, access to credit, and offfarm income are important factors that positively influence the adoption and intensity of use of level bunds in the study area, whereas livestock holding had a negative influence. This study suggested that to assure voluntary soil conservation adoption, the government needs to entrust land tenure security to farmers, promote formal and informal training on land management and utilization, and establish a targeted credit scheme that would integrate crop production and soil conservation in the study area.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 032, Issue 3, Sep 11 - Dec 11, Page 503 - 515 |  PDF |  Page 

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Researcher

ดร. วุฒิ หวังวัชรกุล, รองศาสตราจารย์

ที่ทำงาน:ภาควิชาเศรษฐศาสตร์เกษตรและทรัพยากร คณะเศรษฐศาสตร์ บางเขน

สาขาที่สนใจ:เศรษฐศาสตร์ทรัพยากรและสิ่งแวดล้อม

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Researcher

ดร. เพ็ญพร เจนการกิจ, ผู้ช่วยศาสตราจารย์

ที่ทำงาน:ภาควิชาเศรษฐศาสตร์เกษตรและทรัพยากร คณะเศรษฐศาสตร์ บางเขน

สาขาที่สนใจ:natural resource and environmental economics, Economics of ecosystems and biodiversity

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