Search Result of "Buncha Somboonsuke"

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ที่มา:วิทยานิพนธ์ ปริญญาโท (จาก: บัณฑิตวิทยาลัย และ สำนักหอสมุด มก.)

หัวเรื่อง:Roles of Agricultural Extension Policymakers in Agricultural Development of Cambodia

ผู้เขียน:ImgSovath LACH

ประธานกรรมการ:Imgนางเกศินี ปายะนันทน์, ศาสตราจารย์

กรรมการวิชาเอก:ImgBuncha Somboonsuke

กรรมการวิชารอง:Imgกมลรัฐ อินทรทัศน์

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract


Dissertation/Thesis Info
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ที่มา:วิทยานิพนธ์ ปริญญาโท (จาก: บัณฑิตวิทยาลัย และ สำนักหอสมุด มก.)

หัวเรื่อง:Farming Systems Improvement of Rice-based Farms in Huay Khan Lean Sub-district, Wiseetchaychaan District, Ang Thong Province

ผู้เขียน:ImgYuki MORITA

ประธานกรรมการ:Imgนางเกศินี ปายะนันทน์, ศาสตราจารย์

กรรมการวิชาเอก:ImgBuncha Somboonsuke

กรรมการวิชารอง:Imgดร.ประเดิม ฉ่ำใจ, รองศาสตราจารย์

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract


Dissertation/Thesis Info
Abstract  (cache) |  Full text  (cache)  | Page  (Info)

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : The Officers’ Career Performance Assessment at the Office of Rubber Replanting Aid Funds in Southern Region.)

ผู้เขียน:Imgนางเกศินี ปายะนันทน์, ศาสตราจารย์, ImgBuncha Somboonsuke

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Abstract

The objective of this research was to assess the officer’s knowledge, understanding and responsibity of the officers in problems and recommendations concerning officer’s performance of the office of Rubber Replanting Aid Funds (ORRAF). An attitude survey of the target population of 126 officers of the ORRAF in Changwat Phatthalung and Changwat Songkhla was carried out. The survey resultd revealed that the socio-economic background of the officers of the ORRAF in the southern region were as follows : 41.3% bachelor degree holding, 86.5% marriage, an average ages, working experience and annual income per year of 36 years, 12 years and 164,667.62 baht, respectively. The objective assessment of the opinions of the officer, the support from the local leaders was at a moderate while the support gaining from farmers was at a high level. The officers were good at fulfilling working requirement and regulation of the ORRAF offices. They were moderately satisfied with information exposure and well understanding in their duty and responsibility. The main problem faced by the officers was a long distance community between farmers’ home state and their rubber plantation site. Factors influencing the success in work performce of the officers consist of the support of local leaders and farmers, information exposure and opportunity to demonstate their working ability.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 016, Issue 1, Jan 95 - Jun 95, Page 66 - 75 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Para Rubber Production and Marketing in North Region of Thailand: Case Study in Chiang Mai,Chiang Rai and Phayoa Province)

ผู้เขียน:Imgกนกพร ภาชีรัตน์, ImgBuncha Somboonsuke, ImgChaiya Kongmanee

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Abstract

The study was conducted with objective of exploring the dynamics of rubber production development, decision making, effects of career change, and marketing pattern in the provinces of Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai and Phayoa. Information was collected through in-depth interviews and a structured questionnaire for a sample group of 28 rubber planters. The results noted that the dynamics of rubber development can be divided into three phases: initiation of rubber planting, promotion of rubber planting and the development of rubber products marketing. The rubber planting career enhances the land use efficiency, minimize the labor movement and the livelihood. The production and management of rubber plantation in the highland areas and rolling areas of the hills or mountainous areas were found in this study. An average of 15 rai was occupied by each family and production of 236 Kg. per rai annually. There were limitations in the cultivation areas, low rainfall, lack of investment and rubber planting expertise, and without consistent availability of market. While the merits were the enthusiasm of planters, accessibility to information, probability of extension of cultivation areas, and supports from government agencies. The marketing channels are the sell of product to local merchants with destruction in eastern provinces with marginal profit for rubber sheets of 11.22 baht per kilogram.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 031, Issue 2, May 10 - Aug 10, Page 206 - 219 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Diversification of Smallholding Rubber Agroforestry System (SRAS) Thailand)

ผู้เขียน:ImgBuncha Somboonsuke, ImgPrawat Wetayaprasit, ImgParinya Chernchom, Imgกนกพร ภาชีรัตน์

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Abstract

The rubber agroforestry system is an alternative agriculture practice for rubber smallholders to enhance the ecological integrity and crop diversity. The data collection for the study of diversification of smallholding rubber agroforestry system (SRAS) included 300 rubber farms of 21 systems in the south, east, and northeast of Thailand. The project results revealed that there are a multitude of 21 rubber farming systems in Thailand. These systems can be classified into three main types: (1) the intercropping rubber-food crop system, growing short-lived plants, for example, pineapple, chili, banana, rice, sweet potato, long bean and corn, for a rubber period, no longer than 36 months; (2) the rubber-fruit crop system, growing multicrop within the rubber area during the rubber productive period. The most common fruit crops that have been grown in Thailand are guava, gnetum, long kong, salacca, mangosteen, durian, and levistona, etc., and (3) the rubber-timber species system, normally yielding higher income to rubber smallholders since the sales of both rubber and wood products are at the same time and this is coupled with the presently high value of wood. The important timber varieties in the rubber area are neem and teak. As for profitability of Smallholding Rubber Agro forestry System (SRAS), it was noted that pineapple, chili, salacca, and gnetum are highly profitable. However, in the rubber-pineapple system which yields the highest income, the cost of investment is the highest too, when compared to the rubber-gnetum system which requires minimal input and low cost of production and management. The main conditions for decision-making in the rubber intercropping system are as follows: (1) farm household labor requirement, (2) knowledge and experience, (3) extension and policy implication, (4) marketing opportunity, (5) consistent capability of local communities, and (6) land topography and sustainability. For SRAS development strategy in the southern Thailand, improvement should be made on pricing and marketing of agroforestry products, appropriate technology for higher productivity, greater farm efficiency and risk reduction at farm level, and more synchronized co-ordination among stakeholder agencies at the regional level.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 032, Issue 2, May 11 - Aug 11, Page 327 - 339 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Rubber Tapping System and Tapping Labor Management of Rubber Farmers? Households: Comparison among Rubber Ecozones in Songkhla Province)

ผู้เขียน:ImgBuncha Somboonsuke, ImgPrawat Wettayaprasit, ImgChaiya Kongmanee, Imgกนกพร ภาชีรัตน์, ImgBenedicte Chambon

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

This study aimed to look into the classification of rubber ecozones, the tapping system, labor management, sharing the benefits of tapping wages among rubber farm owners, and related conditions. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected from the target population. A sample of 45 farmers in Songkhla Province out of a total 118 farmers were interviewed in depth with structured questionnaires during 2008?2009. Descriptive statistics were applied and synthesized for the analysis of data to meet the objectives of this study. The results indicated that the rubber ecozones of small-sized rubber farms could be classified into 3 categories that were (1) ecozone of plain rubber farms, (2) ecozone of plateau rubber farms or slopewave area, and (3) ecozone of highland rubber farms or mountain areas. The bio-physical features, geographic areas, and environments in the agricultural ecozones were major outside indicators that affected the styles of farm management and the success of rubber farming. Rubber farms in the ecozones of plateau or slopewave areas were more successful with lower farm management costs than those in the ecozones of plain rubber farms and highland rubber farms or mountain areas, respectively. Mostly, four tapping systems were used—1/3S 3d/4, 1/2S 2d/3, 1/2S 3d/4, and 1/2S d/2. Tapping labor was supplied by family members and other employed tapping labor. Most employed tapping labor used high frequency tapping system and selected sharing benefits of 50:50. The study suggested that the government sector and related working units should have measures for controlling and enhancing the deployment of appropriate technology in the rubber ecozones. There should be larger supplies of tapping labor by importing labor from other provinces and foreign countries. The imported labor should be trained to become qualified tappers.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 033, Issue 1, Jan 12 - Apr 12, Page 92 - 105 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : An Econometric Model of Oil Palm Plantation Area in Thailand)

ผู้เขียน:ImgPurawich Phitthayaphinant, ImgBuncha Somboonsuke

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Abstract

Thai oil palm plantation areas have increased continuously in order to meet increasing derived demands for food and nonfood applications. This quantitative research aimed at studying the existing situation of oil palm plantation, and analyzing determinants of oil palm plantation area in Thailand. Quantitative data used were annual time-series data during 1989 to 2010. The derived data were analyzed using appropriate descriptive statistics, and enter and backward multiple regression analyses. The results showed that Thai oil palm plantation and harvested areas have increased for more than 3 decades. They have been significantly increasing in southern Thailand. Statistically significant determinants of Thai oil palm plantation areas at the .05 level were the domestic demand for crude palm oil, the farm price of fresh bunches of oil palm fruit, the price of diesel oil and the farm price of unsmoked rubber sheet 3. These determinants could be used to create conservation and sustainable management guidelines for the expansion policy on future oil palm plantation area.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 033, Issue 2, May 12 - Aug 12, Page 239 - 252 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Interaction between Agro-tourism and Local Agricultural Resource Management: A Case Study of Changklang Agro-tourism, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province)

ผู้เขียน:ImgTeppakorn Na Songkhla, ImgBuncha Somboonsuke

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Abstract

This research involved the study of various forms and characteristics of agro-tourism activity in current agricultural resource management and interaction analysis between agro-tourism and agricultural resource management at agro-tourism sites in Changklang district. Seven farms, two private enterprises, and two farmer groups were involved in the study. The results from questionnaires and key informant interview methods showed that the agricultural activities in Changklang district used as agro-tourism activities were bee farming, mushroom cultivation, and organic farming in the form of agricultural demonstration/instruction, agricultural product distribution, or agribusiness guidance. These forms of agro-tourism activity have impacted on local agriculture in terms of the conservation of agricultural resources and the expansion of bee farming, mushroom cultivation and organic farming, as well as the value-added exploitation of local agricultural resources by tourism. The results of this activity have become outstanding characteristics of agriculture in Changklang district that have supported the expansion of agro-tourism.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 032, Issue 3, Sep 11 - Dec 11, Page 444 - 457 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Technology Utilization for Farm Management of Rubber Smallholding Among Rubber Ecological Zones)

ผู้เขียน:ImgKanokporn Pakeechai, ImgBuncha Somboonsuke, Imgอรอนงค์ ลองพิชัย

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Abstract

The study compared rubber technology utilization, suitable technology, and the feasibility of investment in a rubber farming system among high, rolling, and plain areas of rubber ecological zones. A sample of 158 smallholding rubber farms was selected by purposive sampling. Structured questionnaires and an in-depth interview were used for data collection in the study area. The results revealed that farmers in all three rubber ecological zones did not follow some of the technical recommendations of the Rubber Research Institute of Thailand regarding the rubber clone, tapping system, and fertilizer application. This has resulted in all zones having lower rubber productivity compared to the standard yield. Financial analysis showed that farms in rolling areas had the highest average latex yield with 265.68 kg/rai/yr. The net profit was highest for farms in this ecological zone as well, at around 5,415.52 baht/rai/yr. Moreover, the results of the financial investment analysis of the rubber smallholdings showed that the net present value, benefit cost ratio, and internal rate of return were highest for this ecological zone with around 29,970.13 baht/rai/yr. 1.46 times, and 9 percent, respectively. Recommendations were made regarding the application of rubber production technology. For example, in high areas, rubber smallholders should prepare terraces and grow a cover crop to prevent soil erosion, while in rolling areas, rubber smallholders should use a disease-resistant rubber clone and the double cut alternative tapping system (DCA). For plainareas, rubber smallholders should prepare land by adopting raised bedding.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 034, Issue 2, May 13 - Aug 13, Page 195 - 209 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Potential, Capacity and Development of Hired Labor in Smallholding Rubber Production System: Lesson Learned from Traditional Rubber Area, Songkhla Province)

ผู้เขียน:ImgBuncha Somboonsuke, ImgWanchai Dhammasaccakarn, ImgParinya Cherdchom, Imgอรอนงค์ ลองพิชัย, ImgPurawich Phitthayaphinant

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Abstract

This study investigated the dynamics, conditions of using hired labor, working characteristics, wages of hired labor, and guidelines for increasing the working efficiency of the hired labor of rubber farmer households in Songkhla province. A total sample of 395 rubber smallholding households that used hired labor was used for data collection through structured interviews. Also, 60 households of the total sample were used for in-depth interviews. Descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. The results classified the dynamics of hired labor into 5 periods; (1) before 1960: traditional rubber production, (2) 1961-1980: green revolution, (3) 1981-1992: alternative agriculture, (4) 1993-2002: initial industrial rubber production, and (5) 2003 to present: industrial rubber production. There was an increase in hired labor in rubber production with more complications in the hired labor process. There were 5 types of hired labor according to the sources of labor: relatives as hired labor, villagers as hired labor, different district or province hired labor in the south, different farmer households had a tendency to hire more tapping labor. This would affect the benefits of sharing between owners and hired laborers that could be divided into 3 patterns of: contract agreement, daily wage paid, and wage paid by activity. In the contract agreement, benefit ratios between owners and hired laborers were 60:40, 55:45, 50:50, and 70:30. Choosing a benefit ratio would depend on: (1) the skill and experience of the hired labor in working in rubber plantations, (2) the number of household laborers, (3) local wage rates and contract agreement characteristics, (4) farm size holding and labor capacity, (5) the impact of socio-economics, environment, policy, and politics, and (6) the frequency of tapping to increase family income when there was a high rubber price. The guidelines for the development of hired labor in the rubber production system were: (1) strengthening the socio-economic status of hired labor, (2) promoting relationships between owners and hired labor, (3) improving the bio-physical characteristics of the rubber plantation area, (4) promoting fair conditions and a contract agreement of benefits, (5) improving labor quality, and (6) increasing the skill of tapping and working hired labor through knowledge transfer and training processes.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 036, Issue 1, Jan 15 - Apr 15, Page 74 - 87 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Purchasing Decision Probability on Health Products Made from Cold-Pressed Palm Oil in Hat Yai District, Songkhla Province)

ผู้เขียน:ImgPurawich Phitthayaphinant, ImgBuncha Somboonsuke

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Abstract

Marketing opportunities are now on the increase for health product business to promote products to preventive health conscious consumers. This quantitative research studied the socio-economic characteristics of health product consumers, investigating the significance level of the marketing mix and factors influencing purchasing decisions on health products made from cold-pressed palm oil and analyzing purchasing decision probability on health products made from cold-pressed palm oil in Hat Yai district, Songkhla province, Thailand. Primary data were collected using structured questionnaires from a total sample of 388 consumers, using the accidental sampling technique. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were applied for data analysis. The results revealed that the majority of health product consumers were female with an average age of 31.27 years and had a bachelor degree. The marketing mix in terms of product, price, place, and promotion was a very important influence on the decision to purchase health products made from cold-pressed palm oil. The statistically significant variables determining the purchasing decision on health products made from cold-pressed palm oil were sex, age, marital status, government official, level of importance given to price, place, and promotion, with respective purchasing decision probabilities of 0.12, 0.006, 0.12, 0.61, 0.11, 0.12 and -0.19, respectively. The results are useful for entrepreneurs to formulate appropriate marketing strategies for health products made from cold-pressed palm oil.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 034, Issue 3, Sep 13 - Dec 13, Page 413 - 427 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Micro Halal Community Enterprise Database System: Case Study in Pattani and Songkhla Provinces)

ผู้เขียน:ImgBuncha Somboonsuke, ImgWiphada Wettayaprasit, ImgPrawat Wettayaprasit

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

Government has given priority to the Halal industry in the five southern border provinces through Thai Ministry approval in 2009. The Halal industry has produced several products through groups of Small and Micro Community Enterprises (SMCEs). However, this particular business model still lacks a mechanism to support some significant data in the areas of producing and marketing, among others that will partly enhance such businesses. The database system is a major factor in enhancing and strengthening the economic structure so that people will be able to access production, data storage, and knowledge distribution for the creation of a knowledge-based, economic society. This study aimed to determine user needs and the primary data of a Halal standard for SMCEs and to design and create a database system for the Pattani and Songkhla Halal SMCEs through a webpage. The results revealed that there was a need for a database system for Halal SMCEs that was related to the production process (30%) with the product market and marketing options at lower percentages. Furthermore, the results indicated that the database system needed to give more importance to the information related to the production process, product markets, and the marketing options of Halal SMCEs in Pattani and Songkhla provinces. The database system was composed of general data of the SMCEs, production process, production markets, market opportunities, and other useful and needed data. The program designed was composed of 16 data files—general data, SMCE product data, product group data, product type data, subunit product type data, product data, production process data, production market data, market opportunity data, provincial data, district data, sub-district data, SMCE group, SMCE type, SMCE detail, and SMCE name. Microsoft SQL Server, Microsoft Access, and My SQL were used for the database system design. SMCE groups, producers, consumers, businessmen, researchers, and academic personnel can easily gain benefits from this system through accessing the webpage at www.smce-halal.com.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 036, Issue 3, Sep 15 - Dec 15, Page 568 - 576 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Potentiality and Management of Household Labor in the Smallholding Rubber Production System: A Case Study in a Traditional Rubber Area of Southern Thailand)

ผู้เขียน:ImgBuncha Somboonsuke, ImgPrawat Wettayaprasit, ImgPurawich Phitthayaphinant, ImgVichot Jongrungrot

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

in the smallholding rubber production system of Sadao, Rattaphum, Hat Yai, Bang Klam, Khuan Niang, and Na Mom districts in Songkhla province, Thailand. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used in this research. A total sample of 394 rubber households that used household labor without hire labor in all activities of the rubber production system, was used for quantitative method. Also, 60 households of the total sample, officers of the Department of Agricultural Extension and officers of the Office of the Rubber Replanting Aid Fund in Songkhla province were used as key informants for qualitative method. Both structured and unstructured interviews were used for data collection. Appropriate descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. The research found that there were 4 types of household labor in the smallholding rubber production system: 1) husband and wife, 2) children, 3) relatives, and 4) elderly labor with more complicated use of household labor according to the development of rubber. Each type of household labor worked on different activities which suited their abilities and amount of work carried out by household labor in rubber production knowledge and capability of working in the smallholding rubber production system when compared with other types of household labor. Guidelines for development of household labor in the smallholding rubber production system were development and improvement of skills, knowledge, and capability of household labor in rubber production activities. In addition, the relevant agencies should have plans and policies for labor in agricultural sector.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 036, Issue 2, May 15 - Aug 15, Page 258 - 270 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Recent Evolution of Rubber-Based Farming Systems in Southern Thailand)

ผู้เขียน:ImgBuncha Somboonsuke

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Abstract

Following the economic crisis of 1997 in Thailand, rubber-based smallhold farms were forced to take various steps to remain economically viable. These steps were taken with the objective of increasing the farm's productivity and farm income, and as a result six types of rubber-based farming systems evolved, which are now found throughout the rubber growing areas of Thailand. These changes involved many aspects of the bio-physical and socio-economic attributes of the farms, and the farmers who wished to adapt also faced a number of constraints which affected the ability of smallholders to adopt the new technology. Adaptations included consolidation of farms by enlarging the size, improving the equipment and machinery used, strengthening local farmer's groups, using high-yield varieties, changing to modern methods of disease and pest control, and adapting the rubber products to meet current market demand. These changes are studied in relation to the smallholders' decision making process leading to farm transformations. Rubber-fruit and rubberintegrated farms excelled in economic performance due to greater farm income than other farm types. However, smallholders face many constraints in trying to maintain a profitable farming operation, including fluctuating prices, low capital for investment, disease and pests, insufficient water and poor water management systems. To encourage and help farmers change, farm modernization implementation strategies are suggested, including providing improved credit systems, modern tapping methods, provision of soil and leaf analysis, provision of infrastructure and financial incentives, provision of information on high-yield varieties, and new water resources infrastructure development. To help increase farm income directly, it is suggested to implement government programs which focus on the needs of smallholders, encourage agents of technology transfer to be more supportive of smallholders, improve rubber-processing technology, encourage the establishment of value-added businesses in local communities and optimize land use.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 023, Issue 1, Jan 02 - Jun 02, Page 61 - 74 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:สภาพเศรษฐกิจ สังคม และการทำประมงปูม้า ของชาวประมงขนาดเล็กในจังหวัดตรัง

ผู้เขียน:ImgThongchai Nitiratsuwan, ImgBuncha Somboonsuke, ImgSommai Chiayvareesajja

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Abstract

The results from this study showed that there were 752 Blue Swimming Crab (BSC) fishers in Trang province. Five fishing gears are mainly employed, i.e., crab gill net (CGN), red crab trap (RCT), collapsible crab trap (CCT), traditional crab trap (TCT), and crab dip-net (CDN). Households of fishermen particularly crab gill net fishers are located near the islands while the other fishers lived near the coastal areas. Average age of fishers was 40 years old and primary school was the education level for the majority of them. The fishers were local domicile, their household revenues and household expenses per month were 5,846 and 5,148 baht, respectively. The number of fishing days per month of CGN was lowest. Highest catch and fishing cost were generated by CCT. There was no significant difference in the catch generated by CGN, RCT, and TCT. However, CGN generated fishing cost higher than RCT and TCT in a case of loss of fishing gear because the cost per unit of CGN is higher than those gears. The main problems of BSC fishery were monsoon, loss of fishing gear, low revenue, and low fish price. The recommendations for BSC fishery development were: 1) the policies making should consider the 2 main factors that influenced the fishermen using the different types of gear. These factors were fishing ground and living area of fishermen. 2) Creating coordination network among local fishers. 3) The simple management programs, and 4) the management programs should be harmonized with their economic condition.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 028, Issue 3, Sep 07 - Dec 07, Page 309 - 320 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:การวิเคราะห์ความสัมพันธ์ระหว่างปัจจัยทางเศรษฐกิจ สังคม กับความเคลื่อนไหวของราคาปาล์มน้ำมันในจังหวัด กระบี่ พังงา ตรัง ชุมพ และสตูล

ผู้เขียน:ImgParinya Cherdchom, ImgTitirat Maireng, ImgBuncha Somboonsuke

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to study oil palm price situation and socio-economic factors correlating to determine and stabilized oil palm price. Data were collected by means secondary data for analysis seasonal price index, and interview from 103 samples;' 70 oil palm farmers, 20 oil palm local's dealer, and oil palm entrepreneur The results revealed that oil palm price was moved based on season by with increasing from November (seasonal price index 88.06) to maximized in January (seasonal price index 103.6), and decreasing below average price in April (seasonal price index 91.79). Consequently, price was decreased in maximized in October (seasonal price index 84.71). For correlation analysis, it was founded that ability to bargaining price of oil palm farmer was positive relate to farmgate price determination (r=0.78 at significant level 0.01), level of competition among local merchandises was positive relate to price determination (r=0.39 at significant level 0.01), while crop oil substitution policy and international oil palm price were positive relate to price determination for entrepreneur (r=0.58, and 0.30 at significant level 0.01). In addition, it was founded that ability to bargaining price, information exposure, bio-diesel policy, oil palm free trade policy, efficient government structure were relating to price stabilization of oil palm farmer at significant level 0.01. For oil palm dealer, occupation experience and export policy were positive relating to price stabilization, while illegal oil palm import, soil bran oil import were negative relating to price stabilization. For oil palm entrepreneur, quantity of demand, and information exposure were significant factors relating to price stabilization.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 023, Issue 2, Jul 02 - Dec 01, Page 118 - 130 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : The Sustainable Livelihood of Rubber Small Holder: A Case Study of Rubber- Fruit Tree Farming System in Kao Phra Community, The Southern Thailand)

ผู้เขียน:ImgBuncha Somboonsuke, ImgParatta Prommee, ImgParinya Cherdchom, ImgJaruiy Petcharat

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

For maintaining sustainable livelihood of small holding rubber-fruit tree farming system, they should try to decrease their vulnerability and limitations set by concerned organizations. The policy should promote creation of farm asset, determine access and rate of asset accumulations, and also, the policy should enable small holders to develop appropriate farm plans and their appropriate implementation strategy in order to achieve farm sustainability. The suggested plan and implementation for supporting these systems include, improvement in the price and marketing system, improvement of the appropriate technology for production and improvement in the agricultural energy for efficiency at the national level. In the regional level, also, the objectives should include the improving coordination mechanism during the implementation of the plan through the maintenance of efficiency with among the organization. In farm level, the objectives aim to increase farm efficiency and productivity for sustainable farm income by empowering small holders and decreasing risks in managing farm.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 024, Issue 2, Jul 03 - Dec 03, Page 156 - 168 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Farming Systems Improvement of Rice-based Farms in Huay Khan Lean Sub-district, Ang Thong Province, Thailand)

ผู้เขียน:ImgYuki MORITA, Imgนางเกศินี ปายะนันทน์, ศาสตราจารย์, ImgBuncha Somboonsuke, Imgดร.ประเดิม ฉ่ำใจ, รองศาสตราจารย์

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to study the socio-economic characteristics of rice-based farm households, to study current main agricultural production systems of rice-based farming systems, and to identify selected bio-physical factors and socio-economic factors related to farm household income. The data was collected by using interview schedules from 116 representatives of farm households in Huay Khan Lean Sub-district, who had practiced rice farming integrating with other types of farming. The farm households were selected by purposive sampling methods. Data analyses were done by using various statistical measures. The findings revealed that there were 2 main types of rice-based farming systems in the study site. The major type of rice-based farming systems was rice-livestock farming systems (50.0%). The types of livestock raised were chicken (37.9%), swine (29.3%), frog (24.1%), duck (5.2%), beef cattle (1.7%) and chicken and swine (1.7%). The second major type was rice-fruit (mango) farming systems (24.1%). In agricultural production systems, rice farming was similarly practiced in rice-livestock and rice-fruit farming systems. On the average, farm households held 25.3 rai (rice-livestock) and 31.5 rai (rice-fruit) land, and had 2.5 persons in farm labor. Irrigation were well facilitated, however, most of them cultivated both highyield varieties and local varieties. Rice was directly seeded on rice fields with chemical applications. Harvested rice was sold to local markets, provincial markets and agricultural cooperatives at the farm gate price of 3.15-3.96 baht/kg. The amount of production was 14,175 kg/year (rice-livestock) and 17,942 kg/year (ricefruit). In livestock raising, all types of livestock are local breeds. Drug and vaccine were treated by most farm households. Livestock were mainly sold to local merchants. In fruit farming, mango planting areas accounted for 3.6 rai. Chemicals were also used. Mango was mainly sold to local merchants and local markets at the farm gate price of 24.2 baht/kg. The amount of production was 860 kg/year. Rice-livestock farm households gained a net income of 272,698 baht/year while rice-fruit farm households gained a net income of 70,875 baht/year. Hypothesis testing indicated that in the bio-physical factors, there was a significant relationship between rice varieties and farm household income. In addition, in the socio-economic factors, there were a significant relationship between age, occupational experience, farmer organizations' membership and financial sources, and farm household income. Based on the study, following recommendations are suggested: Firstly, implementation guidelines of agricultural diversification program and sustainable agriculture should be developed in the provincial level with regular monitoring and evaluating the activities. Secondly, effort should be made to make farmer organizations attractive to be able to encourage membership among farm households by participatory management approach. Thirdly, farm households need to be informed through workshops, discussions and demonstrations on available resources to be sustainable. Fourthly, a network of the different organizations including farmers' organization, the district agricultural office and the agricultural technology transfer center should be developed to improve farming process. Lastly, farmers' capacity building should be done by using model farms and giving awards to outstanding producers in terms of maximum utilization of resources through integrated farming systems.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 024, Issue 1, Jan 03 - Jun 03, Page 53 - 63 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Economic Performances of Small Holding Rubber-based Farms in Southern Region Thailand: Case Study in Khao Phra, Phijit, and Khlong Phea Communities Songkhla Province)

ผู้เขียน:ImgParinya Cherdchom, ImgParatta Prommee, ImgBuncha Somboonsuke

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

Rubber small holding farms, presently, were forced to adapt to maintain economic viability under the economic crisis in South East Asia. The results were founded that four systems of rubber based farms, namely, rubber-intercrop farming system, rubber-fruit tree farming system, rubber-livestock farming system and rubber-integrated framing system show better economic performances with greater gross margin, higher net farm income, and better justification as evidenced by investment appraisal than other farm types, especially in cases of the sub-systems including rubber-pineapple farming system (R21) Rubber--durian-mangosteen farming system (R43), rubber--durian-mangosteen-rambutan farming system (R44), rubber-chicken farming system (R53), and Rubber--durian-fishery farming system (R61). These system are, therefore, appropriate for promoting extension service in the rubber growing area in Thailand.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 023, Issue 2, Jul 02 - Dec 01, Page 151 - 166 |  PDF |  Page