Search Result of "Ruangvich Yoonphand"

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา วิทยาศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Use of Nutrients and Chlorophyll-a for Fish Catch Estimation in Srinakarin Reservoir, Kanchanaburi Province)

ผู้เขียน:Imgยุพิน เลิศบุรุษ, Imgนายวิทย์ ธารชลานุกิจ, ศาสตราจารย์, Imgประทักษ์ ตาบทิพย์วรรณ, ImgRuangvich Yoonphand

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

The study aimed to: 1) formulate a fish catch estimation model for Srinakarin Reservoir in Kanchanaburi Province, using nutrients and chlorophyll-a as indicators for fish catch estimation; and 2) develop a sustainable management policy for the reservoir area and its fisheries resources. From April 2008 to March 2009, water samples were collected every two months at 15 selected sampling stations representing upstream, midstream and downstream areas that included point sources and non-point sources, and for the same period, samples of fish species were collected from six private fish landing ports every month. The results showed that the Srinakarin Reservoir was oligotrophic, containing an average of 4.099 mg/m3 of chlorophyll-a and its water quality was appropriate for aquatic animal life. The distribution of nutrients and chlorophyll-a varied, depending on the period and collection area. Nutrient and chlorophyll-a concentrations upstream were higher than those in the middle and downstream sections. The average concentrations of nutrients were highest in the rainy season (June to September), average in summer (February to May) and lowest in winter (October to January), whereas the average chlorophylla concentrations were highest in summer (5.307 mg/m3) and average in the rainy season and winter (4.591 and 2.399 mg/m3, respectively). The ratio of forage to carnivorous fish was estimated as 1.813:1. All parameters used to estimate the fish catch (FC) showed that the catch had a low positive relationship to chlorophyll-a, whereas nutrients could be used to estimate the fish catch, especially, ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N), which was suitable for fish catch estimation throughout the year. A suitable linear regression model was FC = 29,892 - 90,509 (NH3-N); (R2 = 0.44). Ammonia nitrogen had a moderately negative relationship to the fish catch and could explain up to 44% of the fish catch. Based on the equation developed in the study, the results could be used to estimate the fish catch satisfactorily and also the resultant environmental changes in the Srinakarin Reservoir. This model could be applied to predict the fish catch in other reservoirs in Thailand with the same topographical features.

Article Info
Agriculture and Natural Resources -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Natural Science), Volume 045, Issue 2, Mar 11 - Apr 11, Page 233 - 244 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา วิทยาศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Foraging Effects of the Invasive Alien Fish Pterygoplichthys on Eggs and First-Feeding Fry of the Native Clarias macrocephalus in Thailand)

ผู้เขียน:Imgดร.รัฐชา ชัยชนะ, รองศาสตราจารย์, ImgSanti Pouangcharean, ImgRuangvich Yoonphand

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

Native to Latin America, the sailfi n armored catfi sh Pterygoplichthys has been introduced to Thailand for the ornamental fi sh industry. This invasive species has fl ourished in nature and may threaten aquatic resources, especially of indigenous freshwater fi sh due to its foraging activities. This study investigated the biological impacts of the sailfi n armored catfi sh on the eggs and the fi rst-feeding fry of the Thai native catfi sh, Clarias macrocephalus that are found in similar habitats. The results showed that small, medium and large Pterygoplichthys fed on up to 95% or more of native catfi sh eggs within 24 hr. Pterygoplichthys also consumed the fi rst-feeding fry of C. macrocephalus. The average consumption of fi rst-feeding fry by small, medium and large Pterygoplichthys was 26.3?7.2, 71.8?23.5 and 86.3?13.7%, respectively. These results clearly indicated that the consumption of the catfi sh eggs was much higher than for the fi rst-feeding fry primarily due to the fact that the eggs were immobile and accessible. In addition, the consumption rates of fi rst-feeding fry by the armored catfi sh were positively correlated with the size of Pterygoplichthys (correlation coeffi cient = 0.6238, P < 0.01). In conclusion, Pterygoplichthys can destroy the eggs and fi rst-feeding fry of the native catfi sh Clarias macrocephalus and has the potential to reduce the populations of Thai native fi sh species.

Article Info
Agriculture and Natural Resources -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Natural Science), Volume 047, Issue 4, Jul 13 - Aug 13, Page 581 - 588 |  PDF |  Page 

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Researcher

ดร. ประทักษ์ ตาบทิพย์วรรณ, รองศาสตราจารย์

ที่ทำงาน:ภาควิชาเพาะเลี้ยงสัตว์น้ำ คณะประมง บางเขน

สาขาที่สนใจ:การเลี้ยงสัตว์น้ำ

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