Search Result of "Prawat Wettayaprasit"

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Rubber Tapping System and Tapping Labor Management of Rubber Farmers? Households: Comparison among Rubber Ecozones in Songkhla Province)

ผู้เขียน:ImgBuncha Somboonsuke, ImgPrawat Wettayaprasit, ImgChaiya Kongmanee, Imgกนกพร ภาชีรัตน์, ImgBenedicte Chambon

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

This study aimed to look into the classification of rubber ecozones, the tapping system, labor management, sharing the benefits of tapping wages among rubber farm owners, and related conditions. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected from the target population. A sample of 45 farmers in Songkhla Province out of a total 118 farmers were interviewed in depth with structured questionnaires during 2008?2009. Descriptive statistics were applied and synthesized for the analysis of data to meet the objectives of this study. The results indicated that the rubber ecozones of small-sized rubber farms could be classified into 3 categories that were (1) ecozone of plain rubber farms, (2) ecozone of plateau rubber farms or slopewave area, and (3) ecozone of highland rubber farms or mountain areas. The bio-physical features, geographic areas, and environments in the agricultural ecozones were major outside indicators that affected the styles of farm management and the success of rubber farming. Rubber farms in the ecozones of plateau or slopewave areas were more successful with lower farm management costs than those in the ecozones of plain rubber farms and highland rubber farms or mountain areas, respectively. Mostly, four tapping systems were used—1/3S 3d/4, 1/2S 2d/3, 1/2S 3d/4, and 1/2S d/2. Tapping labor was supplied by family members and other employed tapping labor. Most employed tapping labor used high frequency tapping system and selected sharing benefits of 50:50. The study suggested that the government sector and related working units should have measures for controlling and enhancing the deployment of appropriate technology in the rubber ecozones. There should be larger supplies of tapping labor by importing labor from other provinces and foreign countries. The imported labor should be trained to become qualified tappers.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 033, Issue 1, Jan 12 - Apr 12, Page 92 - 105 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Micro Halal Community Enterprise Database System: Case Study in Pattani and Songkhla Provinces)

ผู้เขียน:ImgBuncha Somboonsuke, ImgWiphada Wettayaprasit, ImgPrawat Wettayaprasit

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

Government has given priority to the Halal industry in the five southern border provinces through Thai Ministry approval in 2009. The Halal industry has produced several products through groups of Small and Micro Community Enterprises (SMCEs). However, this particular business model still lacks a mechanism to support some significant data in the areas of producing and marketing, among others that will partly enhance such businesses. The database system is a major factor in enhancing and strengthening the economic structure so that people will be able to access production, data storage, and knowledge distribution for the creation of a knowledge-based, economic society. This study aimed to determine user needs and the primary data of a Halal standard for SMCEs and to design and create a database system for the Pattani and Songkhla Halal SMCEs through a webpage. The results revealed that there was a need for a database system for Halal SMCEs that was related to the production process (30%) with the product market and marketing options at lower percentages. Furthermore, the results indicated that the database system needed to give more importance to the information related to the production process, product markets, and the marketing options of Halal SMCEs in Pattani and Songkhla provinces. The database system was composed of general data of the SMCEs, production process, production markets, market opportunities, and other useful and needed data. The program designed was composed of 16 data files—general data, SMCE product data, product group data, product type data, subunit product type data, product data, production process data, production market data, market opportunity data, provincial data, district data, sub-district data, SMCE group, SMCE type, SMCE detail, and SMCE name. Microsoft SQL Server, Microsoft Access, and My SQL were used for the database system design. SMCE groups, producers, consumers, businessmen, researchers, and academic personnel can easily gain benefits from this system through accessing the webpage at www.smce-halal.com.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 036, Issue 3, Sep 15 - Dec 15, Page 568 - 576 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Potentiality and Management of Household Labor in the Smallholding Rubber Production System: A Case Study in a Traditional Rubber Area of Southern Thailand)

ผู้เขียน:ImgBuncha Somboonsuke, ImgPrawat Wettayaprasit, ImgPurawich Phitthayaphinant, ImgVichot Jongrungrot

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

in the smallholding rubber production system of Sadao, Rattaphum, Hat Yai, Bang Klam, Khuan Niang, and Na Mom districts in Songkhla province, Thailand. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used in this research. A total sample of 394 rubber households that used household labor without hire labor in all activities of the rubber production system, was used for quantitative method. Also, 60 households of the total sample, officers of the Department of Agricultural Extension and officers of the Office of the Rubber Replanting Aid Fund in Songkhla province were used as key informants for qualitative method. Both structured and unstructured interviews were used for data collection. Appropriate descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. The research found that there were 4 types of household labor in the smallholding rubber production system: 1) husband and wife, 2) children, 3) relatives, and 4) elderly labor with more complicated use of household labor according to the development of rubber. Each type of household labor worked on different activities which suited their abilities and amount of work carried out by household labor in rubber production knowledge and capability of working in the smallholding rubber production system when compared with other types of household labor. Guidelines for development of household labor in the smallholding rubber production system were development and improvement of skills, knowledge, and capability of household labor in rubber production activities. In addition, the relevant agencies should have plans and policies for labor in agricultural sector.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 036, Issue 2, May 15 - Aug 15, Page 258 - 270 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Comparison of Career Change and Resource Management of Rubber Smallholders)

ผู้เขียน:ImgBuncha Somboonsuk, ImgPrawat Wettayaprasit, ImgKanokporn Pacheera, ImgPatarapong Kroeksakul

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

The study aimed to compare the occupation change of rubber smallholding household among different areas, to study the condition of occupation change in different areas, and to identify resource management in the different areas. Three study areas of Songkhla province were selected by the rural development classification as the rural area of Ban Thong Nam, Cha Na district, the peri-urban area of Ban Chai Kao, Bangkhlam district and the urban area of Ban Kaitalad, Hat Yai district, respectively. Data were collected using multi-approach: participant observation, resources and needs questionnaire (RANQ) indepth-interview with key informants and case study. The subject consisted of 90 rubber households. It was found that rural areas and suburban areas in the south had more diversity of careers than those in the urban areas with the adjustments to the socio-economic condition that still maintained the career in agriculture. The study indicated that smallholders still held major resources, skills, land for earning income, relationship in the society that varied to the status of individuals and households. Several resources had been transformed for various careers. In particular, for those groups of young men that migrated from one location to another would need knowledge and existing skills along with conditions to make decision of changing careers. For all the studied areas, children had been expected to have high education for the purpose of career stability. These reflected the interrelated dimension of which education, career, and migration can not be separated.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 032, Issue 1, Jan 11 - Apr 11, Page 29 - 40 |  PDF |  Page