Search Result of "Phanwichien, K"

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ทิศทางการผลิตครูวิทยาศาสตร์ในช่วง 15 ปี (พ.ศ. 2545-2559)

ผู้เขียน:Imgรัชนี ศิลปบรรเลง, Imgดร.วรรณทิพา รอดแรงค้า, ศาสตราจารย์, Imgพรทิพย์ ไชยโส, Imgดร.นฤมล ยุตาคม, ผู้ช่วยศาสตราจารย์, ImgKantimanee Phanwichien

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Abstract

The objectives of the study were to analyze the production of first degree level science teachers by teacher institutions starting from the period of the Third National Educational Development Plan (BE 2515- 2519) to that of the Eighth Plan (BE 2540-2544), and to synthesize trends of pre-service science teacher education in the fifteen years period. The population understudied were 250 pieces of related documents on the production of science teachers from the period of the Third National Educational Development Plan (BE 2515-2519) till that of the Eighth Plan (BE 2540-2544); and four groups of experts related to the production and development of science teachers, altogether 48 persons. The research instruments were data recording sheets and open-ended questionnaires inquiring opinions of experts in teacher production about the draft trend of teacher production in the fifteen years period. Tools for analyzing the collected information included a content analysis technique, average and percentage. Results of the study revealed that science teacher production during the periods of the Third to the Eighth Plans was based on the philosophy orientating towards output and process rather than giving due importance to recruiting the able and moral students into the teaching profession. The 48 teacher institutions produced general science teachers the most and had the tendency to produce fewer teachers in biology. There was actually a mismatch between output and demand, lower than the target set forth in the Plans. In particular, there was a shortage of science teachers at the primary education level. In addition, teachers' knowledge, teaching techniques and their scientific procedural skills were rated low. Further, it was found that the production trend in fifteen years was as follows: the philosophy focus on producing science teachers possessing critical thinking skills, ability to apply techniques and methods appropriate to scientific contents as well as to communicate effectively, and literacy in computer and technology. In addition, policy had to emphasize building up faith in the profession, setting up selection criteria for recruiting entrants having an average in science subjects not lower than 2.75, giving science teacher graduates higher monthly salary than those in science, reforming science education curriculum and improving the quality of the faculty members. In relation to curriculum it was gear towards the 5-year degree program or the 5-year study in which students took double majors leading to two degrees (B.Sc. and B.Ed.), in which students either take it in parallel or top up one another by means of taking double majors general science and another major subject. In addition, intuitions should increase graduate production in Earth Science, Environmental Science and Biology as well as offer science teacher program for primary school that corresponds with the basic education curriculum of B.E. 2544, in particular the science learning core program. In term of output, there was decreasing rate of growth in science teacher production approximately at 1,800 and 1,600 per year for primary and secondary education levels respectively. In addition, it was required that science teacher needed to have the following attributes, i.e., having good understanding of the content of science, mastery of scientific procedural skills, scientific minded and being able to construct school-based curriculum. As a result, the trend of pre-service science teacher education in the fifteen years period, related to its philosophy, policy, curriculum and fields, is that there will be sufficient qualified science teachers.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 027, Issue 1, Jan 06 - Jun 06, Page 39 - 50 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา วิทยาศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Isolation of Drug Resistant and Enterotoxin Producing Staphylococcus aureus from Cafeterial Foods in Hospitals in Bangkok)

ผู้เขียน:Imgภานุกิจ กันหาจันทร์, ImgChaivat Kitigul, ImgKantimanee Phanwichien, Imgพัชรี สุนทรนันท

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

The 525 food samples were examined for enterotoxin producing and drug resistance strains of Staphylococcus aureus. The 277 food samples from 12 government hospitals and 248 food samples from 12 private hospitals were examined. The 132 isolates of Staphylococcus aureus were found from 53 (19.13%) food samples of government hospitals and also the 100 isolates were found from 41 (16.53%) food samples of private hospitals. Two hundred and twenty six out of 232 isolates of Staphylococcus aureus were coagulase positive and 74 out of 226 coagulase positive strains could produce enterotoxin. The types of enterotoxin produced by these 74 isolates were A,B,C,A&B and A&C of 13,28,23,4 and 6 isolates, respectively. The detection for drug resistance strains of 74 isolates that produced enterotoxin was doned by agar disc diffusion of Kirby-Bauer sensitivity test. The eight kinds of antibiotics and sulfonamides were selected base on the machanism of drugs, they were oxacillin, ciprofloxacin, rifampicin, vancomycin, gentamicin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol and co-trimoxazole. It was found that all isolates were sensitive to oxacillin,ciprofloxacin and rifampin (100%). Some were resisted to tetracycline (43.24%), chloramphenicol (17.57%) and gentamicin (4.05%), a few were intermediate to chloramphenicol, vancomycin and co-trimoxazole (trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole). The multidrug-resistance strains were not found in this study.

Article Info
Agriculture and Natural Resources -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Natural Science), Volume 039, Issue 4, Oct 05 - Dec 05, Page 711 - 717 |  PDF |  Page 

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:การสำรวจแนวคิดเนื้อหาชีววิทยาของนิสิตนักศึกษาฝึกประสบการณ์วิชาชีพครู

ผู้เขียน:ImgPongprapan Pongsopon, Imgดร.พัฒนี จันทรโรทัย, รองศาสตราจารย์, ImgKantimanee Phanwichien, Imgดร.วรรณทิพา รอดแรงค้า, ศาสตราจารย์

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

Twenty two pre-service biology teachers from 8 institutions nationwide; universities and teacher colleges, were measured content knowledge by Biology Concept Test (BCT) on the following areas; cell and transportation, enzymes and chemical reaction in cells, respiration and photosynthesis, development, genetics, and evolution. Test result revealed most of the pre-service teachers had alternative conceptions on every biological topics especially respiration and photosynthesis, and genetics.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 024, Issue 2, Jul 03 - Dec 03, Page 133 - 144 |  PDF |  Page 

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Researcher

นางสาว กมลพร มาแสวง

ที่ทำงาน:ภาควิชาสัตววิทยา คณะวิทยาศาสตร์ บางเขน

สาขาที่สนใจ:พิษวิทยาระดับเซลล์ (Cellular toxicology)

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Researcher

ดร. นิตยา เลาหะจินดา, รองศาสตราจารย์

ที่ทำงาน:ภาควิชาวิทยาศาสตร์พื้นพิภพ คณะวิทยาศาสตร์ บางเขน

สาขาที่สนใจ:นิเวศวิทยาทางน้ำ

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Researcher

ดร. อภิสิฏฐ์ ศงสะเสน, รองศาสตราจารย์

ที่ทำงาน:ภาควิชาเคมี คณะวิทยาศาสตร์ บางเขน

สาขาที่สนใจ:Coordination Chemistry, Applied Inorganic Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

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