Search Result of "Chambon, B."

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ที่มา:วิทยาสารเกษตรศาสตร์ สาขา สังคมศาสตร์

หัวเรื่อง:ไม่มีชื่อไทย (ชื่ออังกฤษ : Rubber Tapping System and Tapping Labor Management of Rubber Farmers? Households: Comparison among Rubber Ecozones in Songkhla Province)

ผู้เขียน:ImgBuncha Somboonsuke, ImgPrawat Wettayaprasit, ImgChaiya Kongmanee, Imgกนกพร ภาชีรัตน์, ImgBenedicte Chambon

สื่อสิ่งพิมพ์:pdf

Abstract

This study aimed to look into the classification of rubber ecozones, the tapping system, labor management, sharing the benefits of tapping wages among rubber farm owners, and related conditions. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected from the target population. A sample of 45 farmers in Songkhla Province out of a total 118 farmers were interviewed in depth with structured questionnaires during 2008?2009. Descriptive statistics were applied and synthesized for the analysis of data to meet the objectives of this study. The results indicated that the rubber ecozones of small-sized rubber farms could be classified into 3 categories that were (1) ecozone of plain rubber farms, (2) ecozone of plateau rubber farms or slopewave area, and (3) ecozone of highland rubber farms or mountain areas. The bio-physical features, geographic areas, and environments in the agricultural ecozones were major outside indicators that affected the styles of farm management and the success of rubber farming. Rubber farms in the ecozones of plateau or slopewave areas were more successful with lower farm management costs than those in the ecozones of plain rubber farms and highland rubber farms or mountain areas, respectively. Mostly, four tapping systems were used—1/3S 3d/4, 1/2S 2d/3, 1/2S 3d/4, and 1/2S d/2. Tapping labor was supplied by family members and other employed tapping labor. Most employed tapping labor used high frequency tapping system and selected sharing benefits of 50:50. The study suggested that the government sector and related working units should have measures for controlling and enhancing the deployment of appropriate technology in the rubber ecozones. There should be larger supplies of tapping labor by importing labor from other provinces and foreign countries. The imported labor should be trained to become qualified tappers.

Article Info
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences -- formerly Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), Volume 033, Issue 1, Jan 12 - Apr 12, Page 92 - 105 |  PDF |  Page 

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Researcher

ดร. เพ็ญพร เจนการกิจ, ผู้ช่วยศาสตราจารย์

ที่ทำงาน:ภาควิชาเศรษฐศาสตร์เกษตรและทรัพยากร คณะเศรษฐศาสตร์ บางเขน

สาขาที่สนใจ:natural resource and environmental economics, Economics of ecosystems and biodiversity

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